Prognostic Value of Early Postoperative Troponin T in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.

Gahl, Brigitta; Göber, Volkhard; Odutayo, Ayodele; Tevaearai Stahel, Hendrik T; Da Costa, Bruno R; Jakob, Stephan M; Fiedler, G Martin; Chan, Olivia; Carrel, Thierry P; Jüni, Peter (2018). Prognostic Value of Early Postoperative Troponin T in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting. Journal of the American Heart Association, 7(5), e007743. American Heart Association 10.1161/JAHA.117.007743

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BACKGROUND Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) is elevated after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. The aim of this study was to determine the association between cTnT elevations between 6 and 12 hours after coronary artery bypass grafting and in-hospital outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS We prospectively studied 1722 patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting. We assessed the association between conventional cTnT (749 patients) and high-sensitivity cTnT (hs-cTnT; 973 patients) 6 to 12 hours postoperatively with in-hospital major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events (MACCE), a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. The prespecified secondary outcome was a safety composite of MACCE, resuscitation, intensive care unit readmission or admission ≥48 hours, inotrope or vasopressor use ≥24 hours, or new-onset renal insufficiency. Among patients with a conventional cTnT measurement, 92 experienced a MACCE (12%) and 146 experienced a safety composite event (19%). Likewise, for hs-cTnT, 114 experienced a MACCE (12%) and 153 experienced a safety composite event (16%). Compared with cTnT ≤200 ng/L, each 200-ng/L increment in cTnT was associated with a monotonous increase in the odds of MACCE and the safety composite outcome. Conventional and hs-cTnT demonstrated moderate discrimination for MACCE (areas under the fitted receiver operating characteristics curve, 0.72 and 0.77 for conventional and hs-cTnT, respectively) and the safety composite outcome (areas under the fitted receiver operating characteristics curve, 0.66 and 0.74 for conventional and hs-cTnT, respectively) and resulted in improved prognostic performance when added to the EuroSCORE. At a cutoff of 800 ng/L, conventional and hs-cTnT provided clinically relevant power to rule in MACCE and the safety composite outcome. CONCLUSIONS cTnT levels assessed between 6 and 12 hours after coronary artery bypass grafting identify patients at increased risk of MACCE or other complications.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic of Intensive Care
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute of General Practice and Primary Care (BIHAM)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiovascular Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Gahl, Brigitta; Göber, Volkhard; Tevaearai, Hendrik; Da Costa, Bruno; Jakob, Stephan and Carrel, Thierry

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

2047-9980

Publisher:

American Heart Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

13 Mar 2018 14:37

Last Modified:

26 Mar 2018 12:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1161/JAHA.117.007743

PubMed ID:

29487111

Uncontrolled Keywords:

coronary artery bypass graft surgery prognosis troponin T

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.112903

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/112903

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