Self-control revisited: The case for a motivational neurovisceral perspective on self-control

Laborde, Sylvain; Hoffmann, Sven; Englert, Chris; Raab, Markus (26 May 2017). Self-control revisited: The case for a motivational neurovisceral perspective on self-control (Unpublished). In: 49. Jahrestagung der Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Sportpsychologie (ASP) - "Gelingende Entwicklung im Lebenslauf". Bern. 25.05.-27.05.2017.

Evolutionarily, self-control may be the most important characteristic that enabled humans to survive when confronted with danger and flourish in the face of challenges—in other words, to adapt to a constantly changing environment. It is no surprise, given its crucial role in adaptation, that willpower, as self-control is often colloquially known, is an important antecedent for a successful life (e.g., establishing a studying routines, stopping smoking, losing weight, and working out on a regular basis). A careful look at the self-control research revealed a “tale of two literatures”, that self-control has being investigated from different perspectives which have been barely connected to each other so far. Consequently, the aim of this overview was to establish the basis of a motivational neurovisceral perspective on self-control. We combined two main approaches to the study of self-control that have been developed independently in different fields: a motivational account coming from cognitive and social psychology, based on the process model (Inzlicht, Schmeichel, & Macrae, 2014), the opportunity cost model (Kurzban, Duckworth, Kable, & Myers, 2013), the integrative theory of self-control (Kotabe & Hofmann, 2015), and the strength model of self-control (Baumeister, Vohs, & Tice, 2007); and a neurovisceral account coming from neurophysiology, based on the neurovisceral integration model (Thayer, Hansen, Saus-Rose, & Johnsen, 2009). The new perspective will make it possible to integrate and extend the motivational and neurovisceral accounts, develop new research questions and hypotheses, and set the stage for integrated interventions aimed at enhancing self-control and preventing its failure in sport and exercise settings.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Education > Educational Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Englert, Christoph

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christoph Englert

Date Deposited:

25 Apr 2018 09:22

Last Modified:

25 Apr 2018 09:22

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/112968

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback