Investigation of cardiopulmonary exercise testing using a dynamic leg press and comparison with a cycle ergometer

Chrif, Farouk; Nef, Tobias; Hunt, Kenneth J. (2018). Investigation of cardiopulmonary exercise testing using a dynamic leg press and comparison with a cycle ergometer. BMC sports science, medicine & rehabilitation, 10(5), pp. 1-11. BioMed Central 10.1186/s13102-018-0095-3

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Background: Leg-press machines are widely employed for musculoskeletal conditioning of the lower-limbs and they provide cardiovascular benefits for resistance training in cardiac patients. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a dynamic leg press (DLP) for incremental cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and to compare the results with those obtained using a cycle ergometer (CE). Methods: Twelve healthy participants aged 27 ± 4 years (mean ± standard deviation) performed incremental cardiopulmonary exercise tests on a DLP and on a CE. To facilitate CPET, the DLP was augmented with force and angle sensors, a work rate estimation algorithm, and a visual feedback system. Gas exchange variables and heart rate were recorded breath-by-breath using a cardiopulmonary monitoring system. Results: Peak oxygen uptake and peak heart rate were significantly lower for the DLP than for the CE: peak oxygen uptake was 3.2 ± 0.5 vs. 4.1 ± 0.5 L/min (DLP vs. CE, p = 6.7 × 10−6); peak heart rate was 174 ± 14 vs. 182 ± 13 bpm (DLP vs. CE, p = 0.0016). Likewise, the sub-maximal cardiopulmonary parameters, viz. the first and second ventilatory thresholds, and ramp duration were significantly lower for the DLP. Conclusions: The dynamic leg press was found to be feasible for CPET: the approach was technically implementable and all peak and sub-maximal cardiopulmonary parameters were able to be identified. The lower outcome values observed with the DLP can be attributed to a peripheral factor, namely the earlier onset of muscular fatigue.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research > ARTORG Center - Gerontechnology and Rehabilitation
10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Chrif, Farouk and Nef, Tobias

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2052-1847

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Farouk Chrif

Date Deposited:

18 Apr 2018 11:22

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 21:28

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/s13102-018-0095-3

PubMed ID:

29468072

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.113103

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/113103

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