Clusters of response behavior in time-limited multiple-choice intelligence testing

Borter, Natalie; Pahud, Olivier; Rammsayer, Thomas (20 July 2017). Clusters of response behavior in time-limited multiple-choice intelligence testing (Unpublished). In: Annual Meeting of the Psychometric Society (IMPS 2017). Zurich, Switzerland. 17.07.-21.07.2017.

Raw scores on time-limited multiple-choice intelligence tests are determined by two error types: incorrect responses and errors of omission. The aim of the present study was to search for different clusters of response behavior based on these two error types. For this purpose, 69 participants completed a time-limited multiple-choice intelligence test. By means of a k-means cluster analysis, three subgroups were identified: (1) a few-error cluster characterized by few errors of omission and few incorrect responses (n = 31), (2) an error-of-omission cluster with many errors of omission but few incorrect responses (n = 9), and (3) an incorrect-response cluster with many incorrect responses but few errors of omission (n = 29). The few-error-cluster showed the highest mental ability, answered the easy items quickly, and committed few errors. The error-of-omission cluster showed lower mental ability than the few-error-cluster, spent much time on answering the easiest items and committed many errors of omission. The incorrect-response cluster showed similar mental ability to the error-of-omission cluster, but exhibited fast responses to the easiest items and showed many incorrect responses. These differential patterns of response behavior clearly indicated that response time cannot be considered a generally valid indicator of an individual’s level of mental ability. Moreover, our findings challenge the common, popular notion of a negative relation between response latencies for easy items and performance on time-limited multiple-choice intelligence tests.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Personality Psychology, Differential Psychology and Diagnostics

UniBE Contributor:

Borter, Natalie; Pahud, Olivier and Rammsayer, Thomas

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education

Language:

English

Submitter:

Karin Dubler

Date Deposited:

23 Apr 2018 14:47

Last Modified:

08 Mar 2019 07:59

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/113325

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