Disentangling gender and age effects on risky single occasion drinking during adolescence

Kuntsche, Emmanuel; Gmel, Gerhard; Wicki, Matthias; Rehm, Jürgen; Grichting, Esther (2006). Disentangling gender and age effects on risky single occasion drinking during adolescence. European journal of public health, 16(6), pp. 670-675. Oxford University Press 10.1093/eurpub/ckl060

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Objectives: To determine the association between adolescent risky single occasion drinking (RSOD) and gender, age, and the relative age position of students within their class. Method: A cross-sectional national representative sample of 7088 from 8th to 10th graders in Switzerland (mean age 14.6; SD = 0.94) as part of the ESPAD international study was analysed using hierarchical linear modelling. Results: Being male, older than the class average and a member of older classes (on average) was associated with a higher RSOD frequency. Additionally, interactions between student and class level were found. The higher the mean class age the greater the difference in RSOD between boys and girls, and the lower the impact on RSOD of the relative age position in a class. Conclusions: In early and mid-adolescence, prevention efforts should try to impede the modelling of alcohol use of older classmates, whereas in late adolescence gender-specific motives for RSOD should be taken into account.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Personality Psychology, Differential Psychology and Diagnostics

UniBE Contributor:

Wicki, Matthias

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education

ISSN:

1101-1262

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Marceline Brodmann

Date Deposited:

10 Sep 2020 14:07

Last Modified:

10 Sep 2020 14:07

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/eurpub/ckl060

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.116007

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/116007

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