Prognostic values of fasting hyperglycaemia in non-diabetic patients with acute coronary syndrome: A prospective cohort study.

Gencer, Baris; Rigamonti, Fabio; Nanchen, David; Klingenberg, Roland; Räber, Lorenz; Moutzouri, Elisavet; Auer, Reto; Carballo, David; Heg, Dik; Windecker, Stephan; Lüscher, Thomas Felix; Matter, Christian M; Rodondi, Nicolas; Mach, François; Roffi, Marco (2020). Prognostic values of fasting hyperglycaemia in non-diabetic patients with acute coronary syndrome: A prospective cohort study. European Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care, 9(6), pp. 589-598. Sage 10.1177/2048872618777819

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Controversy remains regarding the prevalence of hyperglycaemia in non-diabetic patients hospitalised with acute coronary syndrome and its prognostic value for long-term outcomes.


We evaluated the prevalence of hyperglycaemia (defined as fasting glycaemia ⩾10 mmol/l) among patients with no known diabetes at the time of enrolment in the prospective Special Program University Medicine-Acute Coronary Syndromes cohort, as well as its impact on all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke and incidence of diabetes at one year. Among 3858 acute coronary syndrome patients enrolled between December 2009-December 2014, 709 (18.4%) had known diabetes, while 112 (3.6%) of non-diabetic patients had hyperglycaemia at admission. Compared with non-hyperglycaemic patients, hyperglycaemic individuals were more likely to present with ST-elevation myocardial infarction and acute heart failure. At discharge, hyperglycaemic patients were more frequently treated with glucose-lowering agents (8.9% vs 0.66%, p<0.001). At one-year, adjudicated all-cause death was significantly higher in non-diabetic patients presenting with hyperglycaemia compared with patients with no hyperglycaemia (5.4% vs 2.2%, p=0.041) and hyperglycaemia was a significant predictor of one-year mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 2.39, 95% confidence interval 1.03-5.56). Among patients with hyperglycaemia, 9.8% had developed diabetes at one-year, while the corresponding proportion among patients without hyperglycaemia was 1.8% ( p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, hyperglycaemia at presentation predicted the onset of treated diabetes at one-year (odds ratio 4.15, 95% confidence interval 1.59-10.86; p=0.004).


Among non-diabetic patients hospitalised with acute coronary syndrome, a fasting hyperglycaemia of ⩾10 mmol/l predicted one-year mortality and was associated with a four-fold increased risk of developing diabetes at one year.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of General Internal Medicine (DAIM) > Clinic of General Internal Medicine > Centre of Competence for General Internal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute of General Practice and Primary Care (BIHAM)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Department of Clinical Research (DCR)

UniBE Contributor:

Räber, Lorenz, Moutzouri Beifuss, Elisavet, Auer, Reto, Heg, Dierik Hans, Windecker, Stephan, Rodondi, Nicolas


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services








Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

12 Jun 2018 11:44

Last Modified:

20 Feb 2024 14:16

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Acute coronary syndrome diabetes hyperglycaemia




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