Natural Resource Institutions in Transformation: The Tragedy and Glory of the Private.

Bichsel, Christine; Fokou, Gilbert; Ibraimova, Asel; Ulan, Kasymov; Steimann, Bernd; Thieme, Susan (2010). Natural Resource Institutions in Transformation: The Tragedy and Glory of the Private. In: Global Change and Sustainable Development: A Synthesis of Regional Experiences from Research Partnerships. Perspectives of the Swiss National Centre of Competence of Research (NCCR) North-South: Vol. 5 (pp. 255-269). Bern: Geographica Bernensia

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The present article focuses on continuity and change in natural resource institutions in post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan. Two main trends have characterised the management of water, agricultural land and pastures since the country became independent in 1991. First, while natural resources were collective and state-owned during the Soviet period, they are now being gradually privatised and passed into individual or group ownership. Second, by contrast with central administration under the Soviet regime, after independence natural resource management has been and is increasingly being decentralised to the community level. We suggest that these processes have created a new concept of the ‘private’, defined as clearly assigned property rights as opposed to ‘commons’, and individual or group ownership as opposed to ‘public’ ownership. We attempt here to analyse how privatisation and decentralisation have created new property relations and new forms of natural resource governance. We conclude that these processes have yielded both favourable and unfavourable outcomes.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Integrative Geography > Unit Geography of Sustainable Development
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Integrative Geography
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > NCCR North-South Management Centre (discontinued)

UniBE Contributor:

Bichsel, Christine and Thieme, Susan

ISBN:

978-3-905835-13-7

Series:

Perspectives of the Swiss National Centre of Competence of Research (NCCR) North-South

Publisher:

Geographica Bernensia

Language:

English

Submitter:

Florian Dolder

Date Deposited:

17 Sep 2018 10:45

Last Modified:

17 Sep 2018 10:49

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.119372

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/119372

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