Career counseling meets motivational interviewing: A sequential analysis of dynamic counselor–client interactions

Klonek, Florian E.; Wunderlich, Elisabeth; Spurk, Daniel; Kauffeld, Simone (2016). Career counseling meets motivational interviewing: A sequential analysis of dynamic counselor–client interactions. Journal of vocational behavior, 94, pp. 28-38. Academic Press 10.1016/j.jvb.2016.01.008

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Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a client-centered communication style with the aim to re- solve client ambivalence within a change-related counseling. Its potential benefit for career counseling has been discussed by several scholars but no empirical research has investigated MI in this context so far. The current study used process measures from MI to investigate dynamic interactions within a career counseling intervention. Overall, we analyzed two videotaped sessions of 14 unique counselor–client dyads. Verbal behavior of counselors and cli- ents were coded with two observational coding schemes from MI (one for counselors and one for clients, respectively). Behavior profiles of counselors were compared with benchmarks of good MI. Furthermore, client verbal ambivalence was compared between sessions. Finally, we conducted lag sequential analyses to analyze temporal dynamics between counselor behavior and immediate client verbal responses across N = 6883 behavioral events. Our results showed, first, behavior profiles of career counselors did significantly differ from recommended counsel- ing benchmarks of good MI practice. Second, as assumed on the basis of past studies, client am- bivalence decreased across sessions. Third, MI consistent counselor behaviors showed a positive sequential association with client positive career talk, whereas MI inconsistent coun- selor behaviors showed the reverse pattern. Our results suggest that counseling behaviors recommended from MI are facilitating career interventions. We discuss how trainings in MI could amend career counseling interventions and provide ethical implications when integrating MI into career counseling programs.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Work and Organisational Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Spurk, Daniel

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology

ISSN:

0001-8791

Publisher:

Academic Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Daniel Michael Spurk

Date Deposited:

03 Sep 2018 11:16

Last Modified:

03 Sep 2018 11:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jvb.2016.01.008

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.119560

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/119560

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