Scale hierarchies and string phenomenology

Antoniadis, Ignatios (24 August 2018). Scale hierarchies and string phenomenology. PoS - proceedings of science. Trieste, Italy: Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati SISSA 10.22323/1.318.0074

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I describe the phenomenology of a model of supersymmetry breaking in the presence of a tiny (tuneable) positive cosmological constant. It utilises a single chiral multiplet with a gauged shift symmetry, that can be identified with the string dilaton (or an appropriate compactification mod- ulus). The model is coupled to the MSSM, leading to calculable soft supersymmetry breaking masses and a distinct low energy phenomenology that allows to differentiate it from other models of supersymmetry breaking and mediation mechanisms. We also study the question if this model can lead to inflation by identifying the dilaton with the inflaton. We find that this is possible if the Kähler potential is modified by a term that has the form of NS5-brane instantons, leading to an appropriate inflationary plateau around the maximum of the scalar potential, depending on two extra parameters. We then generalise this model to a general class where the inflation is driven by supersymmetry breaking with the superpartner of the goldstino (sgoldstino) playing the role of the inflaton. Imposing an R-symmetry allows to satisfy easily the slow-roll conditions, avoiding the so-called η-problem, and leads to two different classes of small field inflation models; they are characterised by an inflationary plateau around the maximum of the scalar potential, where R- symmetry is either restored or spontaneously broken, with the inflaton rolling down to a minimum describing the present phase of our Universe. The models agree with cosmological observations and predict a tensor-to-scalar ratio of primordial perturbations 10−9 <∼ r <∼ 10−4 and an inflation scale 1010 GeV <∼ H∗ <∼ 1012 GeV.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics (AEC)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Theoretical Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Antoniadis, Ignatios

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

1824-8039

Publisher:

Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati SISSA

Language:

English

Submitter:

Esther Fiechter

Date Deposited:

30 Aug 2018 15:57

Last Modified:

28 Oct 2019 22:37

Publisher DOI:

10.22323/1.318.0074

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.119657

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/119657

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