Severe esophageal injuries occurring after general anesthesia in two cats: case report and literature review

Adami, C.; Di Palma, S.; Gendron, K.; Sigrist, N. (2011). Severe esophageal injuries occurring after general anesthesia in two cats: case report and literature review. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 47(6), pp. 436-42. Lakewood, Colo.: American Animal Hospital Association 10.5326/JAAHA-MS-5690

[img] Text
Adami_2011.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (693kB) | Request a copy

Two healthy cats underwent elective surgical procedures under general anesthesia. One developed severe esophagitis leading to esophageal rupture, mediastinitis, and pyothorax. The other cat developed esophageal stricture, diverticulum formation, and suspected iatrogenic perforation. Both cats had signs of dysphagia and regurgitation beginning a few days after anesthesia. The first cat also had severe dyspnea due to septic pleural effusion and pneumomediastinum. In the second cat, endoscopy revealed diffuse esophagitis, an esophageal stricture, and a large esophageal diverticulum. Rupture of the esophageal wall occurred while inflating the esophagus for inspection. Due to the poor prognosis, both cats were euthanized. Necropsy revealed severe esophageal changes. Postanesthetic esophagitis has been previously described in dogs and cats; however, severe life-threatening esophageal injuries rarely occur as a sequel to general anesthesia. To the authors' knowledge, esophageal rupture secondary to perianesthetic reflux has never been reported in cats.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DKV - Clinical Radiology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DKV - Anaesthesiology

UniBE Contributor:

Adami, Chiara and Gendron, Karine

ISSN:

0587-2871

Publisher:

American Animal Hospital Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:31

Last Modified:

13 Mar 2015 09:07

Publisher DOI:

10.5326/JAAHA-MS-5690

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.11974

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/11974 (FactScience: 218235)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback