Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in solid organ transplant recipients: a descriptive analysis for the Swiss Transplant Cohort.

Neofytos, Dionysios; Hirzel, Cédric; Boely, Elsa; Lecompte, Thanh; Khanna, Nina; Mueller, Nicolas J; Boggian, Katia; Cusini, Alexia; Manuel, Oriol; Banz Wüthrich, Vanessa; Beldi, Guido; Stirnimann, Guido; van Delden, Christian; Swiss Transplant, Cohort Study (2018). Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in solid organ transplant recipients: a descriptive analysis for the Swiss Transplant Cohort. Transplant infectious disease, 20(6), e12984. Wiley 10.1111/tid.12984

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BACKGROUND Descriptive data on Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) in solid organ transplant recipients (SOTr) in the era of routine Pneumocystis-prophylaxis are lacking. METHODS All adult SOTr between 2008-2016 were included. PJP was diagnosed based on consensus guidelines. Early-onset PJP was defined as PJP within the 1st-year-post-transplant. RESULTS 41/2842 SOTr (1.4%) developed PJP (incidence rate: 0.01/1000 person-days) at a mean of 493-days post-transplant: 21 (51.2%) early vs 20 (48.8%) late-onset PJP. 2465 (86.7%) SOTr received Pneumocystis-prophylaxis for a mean 316 days. PJP incidence was 0.001% and 0.003% (log-rank<0.001) in SOTr with and without Pneumocystis-prophylaxis, respectively. PJP was an early event in 10/12 (83.3%) SOTr who did not receive Pneumocystis-prophylaxis and developed PJP, compared to those patients who received prophylaxis (11/29, 37.9%; P-value: 0.008). Among late-onset PJP patients, most cases (13/20, 65%) were observed during the 2 year post-transplant. Age ≥65 years (OR: 2.4, P-value: 0.03) and CMV infection during the first 6 months post-SOT (OR: 2.5, P-value: 0.006) were significant PJP predictors, while Pneumocystis-prophylaxis was protective for PJP (OR: 0.3, P-value: 0.006) in the overall population. Most patients (35, 85.4%) were treated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for a mean 20.6 days. 1-year mortality was 14.6%. CONCLUSIONS In the Pneumocystis-prophylaxis-era, PJP remains a rare post-transplant complication. Most cases occurred post-PJP-prophylaxis-discontinuation, particularly during the 2 -year-post-transplant. Additional research may help identify indications for Pneumocystis-prophylaxis prolongation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Hepatologie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Hepatologie

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Hepatology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Viszeralchirurgie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Viszeralchirurgie

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Visceral Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Infectiology

UniBE Contributor:

Hirzel, Cédric; Cusini, Alexia; Banz Wüthrich, Vanessa; Beldi, Guido and Stirnimann, Guido

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1398-2273

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Annelies Luginbühl

Date Deposited:

02 Nov 2018 13:56

Last Modified:

01 Sep 2019 02:33

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/tid.12984

PubMed ID:

30155950

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Epidemiology Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia Solid Organ Transplant Recipients

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.119826

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/119826

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