Two-colour chewing gum mixing ability test for evaluating masticatory performance in children with mixed dentition: validity and reliability study.

Kaya, M S; Güçlü, B; Schimmel, Martin; Akyüz, S (2017). Two-colour chewing gum mixing ability test for evaluating masticatory performance in children with mixed dentition: validity and reliability study. Journal of oral rehabilitation, 44(11), pp. 827-834. Wiley 10.1111/joor.12548

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The unappealing taste of the chewing material and the time-consuming repetitive task in masticatory performance tests using artificial foodstuff may discourage children from performing natural chewing movements. Therefore, the aim was to determine the validity and reliability of a two-colour chewing gum mixing ability test for masticatory performance (MP) assessment in mixed dentition children. Masticatory performance was tested in two groups: systemically healthy fully dentate young adults and children in mixed dentition. Median particle size was assessed using a comminution test, and a two-colour chewing gum mixing ability test was applied for MP analysis. Validity was tested with Pearson correlation, and reliability was tested with intra-class correlation coefficient, Pearson correlation and Bland-Altman plots. Both comminution and two-colour chewing gum mixing ability tests revealed statistically significant MP differences between children (n = 25) and adults (n = 27, both P < 0·01). Pearson correlation between comminution and two-colour chewing gum mixing ability tests was positive and significant (r = 0·418, P = 0·002). Correlations for interobserver reliability and test-retest values were significant (r = 0·990, P = 0·0001 and r = 0·995, P = 0·0001). Although both methods could discriminate MP differences, the comminution test detected these differences generally in a wider range compared to two-colour chewing gum mixing ability test. However, considering the high reliability of the results, the two-colour chewing gum mixing ability test can be used to assess masticatory performance in children, especially at non-clinical settings.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Reconstructive Dentistry and Gerodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Schimmel, Martin

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1365-2842

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Vanda Kummer

Date Deposited:

24 Jul 2019 15:21

Last Modified:

25 Oct 2019 23:01

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/joor.12548

PubMed ID:

28741713

Uncontrolled Keywords:

chewing gum children mastication mixed dentition reliability validity

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.123762

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/123762

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