Predation risk

Fischer, Stefan; Frommen, Joachim Gerhard (2018). Predation risk. In: Vonk, Jennifer; Shackelford, Todd (eds.) Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior (pp. 1-4). Springer 10.1007/978-3-319-47829-6_719-1

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Predation is one of the strongest evolutionary forces in the animal kingdom. The need to catch food influences the ecology, morphology, and behavior of predators and prey alike. As a consequence, predation risk has not only a stark effect on the single individual but further shapes food webs and whole ecosystems. Predator-prey interactions can be understood as an arms race: Over evolutionary time spans, predators developed a multitude of hunting strategies to catch prey, which in turn developed better and more sophisticated antipredator strategies. Such arms races are indeed the cause of many extraordinary color patterns and morphological features as well as fascinating behaviors observed in nature. In the following we will elucidate these diverse adaptions of predators and prey, followed by a short overview on the evolutionary consequences of predation risk on shaping complex social organizations of predators and prey at the same time.

Item Type:

Book Section (Encyclopedia Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE) > Behavioural Ecology

UniBE Contributor:

Fischer, Stefan, Frommen, Joachim Gerhard


500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)






Joachim Gerhard Frommen

Date Deposited:

10 May 2019 13:35

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:24

Publisher DOI:



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