The Impact of Brief Interventions for Tobacco Cessation on Patients' Awareness of Cigarette Smoking as a Risk Factor for Chronic Periodontitis.

Bassetti, Mario; Bassetti, Renzo; Sculean, Anton; Salvi, Giovanni Edoardo; Bornstein, Michael; Ramseier, Christoph (2017). The Impact of Brief Interventions for Tobacco Cessation on Patients' Awareness of Cigarette Smoking as a Risk Factor for Chronic Periodontitis. Oral health & preventive dentistry, 15(4), pp. 391-397. Quintessenz Verlags-GmbH 10.3290/j.ohpd.a38737

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PURPOSE To evaluate the awareness of cigarette smoking as a risk factor for chronic periodontitis in patients either undergoing active periodontal treatment (APT) or enrolled in supportive periodontal therapy (SPT). MATERIALS AND METHODS Comprehensive tobacco use history was collected with a questionnaire in 50 patients before and after APT (test) and in 50 patients (control) enrolled in SPT at the School of Dental Medicine, University of Bern. Carbon monoxide (CO) exhalation levels were measured in both APT and SPT patients. RESULTS In the test group, 94% (n = 47) completed the study. Before APT, 48% of these (n = 24) knew about the association between smoking and periodontal disease, while 42% (n = 21) assumed a possible association and 10% (n = 5) did not. Following APT, 53% (n = 25) knew about the association, while 34% (n = 17) still assumed a possible association and 10% (n = 5) did not. In the control group, 60% (n = 30) of SPT patients knew about the association of smoking with periodontal disease, while 30% (n = 15) assumed an association and 10% (n = 5) were not aware of any association. In both APT and SPT patients, neither between-group nor baseline to follow-up differences were detected (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS Brief interventions for tobacco cessation during APT or SPT failed to increase periodontal patients' awareness of smoking as a risk factor for chronic periodontitis. In order to both increase awareness and motivation to quit tobacco use, more counseling than conventional brief interventions may be needed. Key words: chronic periodontitis, exhaled carbon monoxide, patient education, risk factor, smoking, smoking cessation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Oral Surgery and Stomatology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Reconstructive Dentistry and Gerodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Bassetti, Mario; Bassetti, Renzo; Sculean, Anton; Salvi, Giovanni Edoardo; Bornstein, Michael and Ramseier, Christoph

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1602-1622

Publisher:

Quintessenz Verlags-GmbH

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

30 Jul 2019 14:00

Last Modified:

14 Dec 2019 18:56

Publisher DOI:

10.3290/j.ohpd.a38737

PubMed ID:

28831461

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.125388

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/125388

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