CAD/CAM implant crowns in a digital workflow: Five-year follow-up of a prospective clinical trial.

Joda, Tim Alexander; Brägger, Urs; Zitzmann, Nicola U (2019). CAD/CAM implant crowns in a digital workflow: Five-year follow-up of a prospective clinical trial. Clinical implant dentistry and related research, 21(1), pp. 169-174. Wiley 10.1111/cid.12681

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BACKGROUND

Implant restorations became the first choice for single-tooth replacement today.

PURPOSE

The prospective clinical trial aims to investigate computer-aided-design (CAD)/computer-aided-manufacturing (CAM)-processed implant crowns after 5 years of loading.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Twenty patients were included for cement-retained crowns in posterior sites. Radiographic analysis of bone levels was performed after delivery and follow-up. The Functional Implant Prosthodontic Score (FIPS) was assessed at the final follow-up. Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were used with a level of significance set at α = 0.05.

RESULTS

One implant was lost, resulting in a success rate of 95% at 5 years. For 19 crowns, neither technical complications nor biological complications were observed. The mean marginal bone level was 0.6 ± 0.26 mm (range: 0.18-1.12) mesially, and 0.79 ± 0.36 mm (range: 0.23-1.36) distally at 5 years. During the observation period, mean radiographic bone levels increased significantly by 0.23 mm at mesial and by 0.17 mm at distal sites (P < .0001) indicating minor additional bone loss. The mean total FIPS score was 8.2 ± 1.0 (range: 7-10) with the high score of 2.0 ± 0.0 for the variable "bone."

CONCLUSIONS

CAD/CAM-processed implant crowns demonstrated promising radiographic and clinical outcomes after 5 years in function. Future large-scale trials are crucial to confirm these initial results in the field of digital implant processing.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Reconstructive Dentistry and Gerodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Joda, Tim Alexander and Brägger, Urs

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1523-0899

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Vanda Kummer

Date Deposited:

27 Mar 2019 11:52

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 16:55

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/cid.12681

PubMed ID:

30362650

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Functional Implant Prosthodontic Score alveolar bone loss crowns dental implants digital workflow prospective clinical trial

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.125898

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/125898

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