Genomic and transcriptomic analysis of the Asian honeybee Apis cerana provides novel insights into honeybee biology

Diao, Qingyun; Sun, Liangxian; Zheng, Huajun; Zeng, Zhijiang; Wang, Shengyue; Xu, Shufa; Zheng, Huoqing; Chen, Yanping; Shi, Yuanyuan; Wang, Yuezhu; Meng, Fei; Sang, Qingliang; Cao, Lianfei; Liu, Fang; Zhu, Yongqiang; Li, Wenfeng; Li, Zhiguo; Dai, Congjie; Yang, Minjun; Chen, Shenglu; ... (2018). Genomic and transcriptomic analysis of the Asian honeybee Apis cerana provides novel insights into honeybee biology. Scientific Reports, 8(1) Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/s41598-017-17338-6

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The Asian honeybee Apis cerana is one of two bee species that have been commercially kept with immense economic value. Here we present the analysis of genomic sequence and transcriptomic exploration for A. cerana as well as the comparative genomic analysis of the Asian honeybee and the European honeybee A. mellifera. The genome and RNA-seq data yield new insights into the behavioral and physiological resistance to the parasitic mite Varroa the evolution of antimicrobial peptides, and the genetic basis for labor division in A. cerana. Comparison of genes between the two sister species revealed genes specific to A. cerana, 54.5% of which have no homology to any known proteins. The observation that A. cerana displayed significantly more vigilant grooming behaviors to the presence of Varroa than A. mellifera in conjunction with gene expression analysis suggests that parasite-defensive grooming in A. cerana is likely triggered not only by exogenous stimuli through visual and olfactory detection of the parasite, but also by genetically endogenous processes that periodically activates a bout of grooming to remove the ectoparasite. This information provides a valuable platform to facilitate the traits unique to A. cerana as well as those shared with other social bees for health improvement.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Institute of Bee Health

UniBE Contributor:

Huang, Qiang

Subjects:

500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

2045-2322

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Anna Papach

Date Deposited:

21 May 2019 15:36

Last Modified:

23 Feb 2021 21:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/s41598-017-17338-6

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.127011

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/127011

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