How much does turbulence change the pebble isolation mass for planet formation?

Ataiee, Sareh; Baruteau, C.; Alibert, Yann; Benz, Willy (2018). How much does turbulence change the pebble isolation mass for planet formation? Astronomy and astrophysics, 615, A110. EDP Sciences 10.1051/0004-6361/201732026

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When a planet becomes massive enough, it gradually carves a partial gap around its orbit in the protoplanetary disk. A pressure maximum can be formed outside the gap where solids that are loosely coupled to the gas, typically in the pebble size range, can be trapped. The minimum planet mass for building such a trap, which is called the pebble isolation mass (PIM), is important for two reasons: it marks the end of planetary growth by pebble accretion, and the trapped dust forms a ring that may be observed with millimetre observations. We study the effect of disk turbulence on the pebble isolation mass and find its dependence on the gas turbulent viscosity, aspect ratio, and particles Stokes number. By means of 2D gas hydrodynamical simulations, we found the minimum planet mass to form a radial pressure maximum beyond the orbit of the planet, which is the necessary condition to trap pebbles. We then carried out 2D gas plus dust hydrodynamical simulations to examine how dust turbulent diffusion impacts particles trapping at the pressure maximum. We finally provide a semi-analytical calculation of the PIM based on comparing the radial drift velocity of solids and the root mean square turbulent velocity fluctuations around the pressure maximum. From our results of gas simulations, we provide an expression for the PIM versus disk aspect ratio and turbulent viscosity. Our gas plus dust simulations show that the effective PIM can be nearly an order of magnitude larger in high-viscosity disks because turbulence diffuse particles out of the pressure maximum. This is quantified by our semi-analytical calculation, which gives an explicit dependence of the PIM with Stokes number of particles. We conclude than disk turbulence can significantly alter the PIM, depending on the level of turbulence in regions of planet formation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences > Theoretical Astrophysics and Planetary Science (TAPS)
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > NCCR PlanetS

UniBE Contributor:

Ataiee, Sareh; Alibert, Yann and Benz, Willy

Subjects:

500 Science
500 Science > 520 Astronomy
500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

0004-6361

Publisher:

EDP Sciences

Language:

English

Submitter:

Janine Jungo

Date Deposited:

13 Jun 2019 15:43

Last Modified:

13 Jun 2019 15:47

Publisher DOI:

10.1051/0004-6361/201732026

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.128726

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/128726

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