The influence of prosthetic material on implant and prosthetic survival of implant-supported fixed complete dentures: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Bagegni, Aimen; Abou-Ayash, Samir; Rücker, Gerta; Algarny, Ahmad; Att, Wael (2019). The influence of prosthetic material on implant and prosthetic survival of implant-supported fixed complete dentures: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of prosthodontic research, 63(3), pp. 251-265. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jpor.2019.02.001

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PURPOSE Evaluating the impact of the prosthetic material on implant- and prosthetic survival of implant-supported fixed complete dentures. STUDY SELECTION Electronic and hand searches were conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) to identify clinical studies including at least 10 patients restored with implant-supported dentures. The primary outcome was to evaluate the implant survival rate according to the applied restorative materials. The prosthetic survival rate was evaluated as secondary outcomes. RESULTS Forty-one of 2254 studies were finally selected. A statistically significant difference (p = 0.0337) was found between implant survival rates in the main restorative groups (metal-ceramic:97%(95%CI [0.96;0.98]), all-ceramic:99%(95%CI [0.98;1.00]), metal-resin:97%(95%CI [0.96;0.98])). Prosthetic survival rates were: (metal-ceramic:95%(95%CI [0.89;0.97]), all-ceramic:97%(95%CI [0.92;0.99]), metal-resin:97%(95%CI [0.95;0.98]), with no statistically significant difference (p = 0.3796) between the groups. Chipping incidence rates were as follows: metal-ceramic:8%(95%CI[0.03;0.20]), all-ceramic:15%(95%CI [0.06;0.32]), and metal-resin:22%(95%CI [0.13;0.33]). Five types of exact restorative materials were identified (porcelain-fused-to-non-precious alloy, porcelain-fused-to-zirconia, precious-metal-acrylic-resin, non-precious-metal-acrylic resin, and PMMA). Again, implant survival rates were statistically significantly influenced by the applied restorative materials (p = 0.0126), whereas, no significant differences were reported regarding prosthetic survival rate. CONCLUSIONS Prosthetic material selection seems to have no clinically relevant influence on implant- and prosthetic survival rate in implant-supported fixed complete dentures. Due to the high chipping rate, quantifying prosthetic survival alone does not seem to be a reliable tool for evaluating the outcome of the restorations and providing recommendations. These results, along with the obvious lack of evidence, suggest that clinicians must exercise caution whenever porcelain-fused-to-zirconia or metal-resin restorations are considered.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Reconstructive Dentistry and Gerodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Abou-Ayash, Samir

Subjects:

600 Technology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1883-1958

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Vanda Kummer

Date Deposited:

18 Jul 2019 09:08

Last Modified:

20 Dec 2019 11:08

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jpor.2019.02.001

PubMed ID:

30871937

Additional Information:

The first and second authors contributed equally

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Dental implant Edentulous Fixed complete denture Full-arch Restoration

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.131154

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/131154

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