Footbath as treatment of footrot in sheep. Current ­situation on Swiss sheep farms

Härdi-Landerer, M C; Stoffel, A; Dürr, Salome Esther; Steiner, Adrian (2019). Footbath as treatment of footrot in sheep. Current ­situation on Swiss sheep farms. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 161(6), pp. 377-386. Geselllschaft Schweizer Tierärztinnen und Tierärzte 10.17236/sat00210

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Footrot in sheep should be eradicated in Switzerland in the future. Based on scientific findings, this can be achieved with disinfectant footbaths. It is unknown how many sheep farmers are already using this means and how it is used. The current study evaluated the farm operation, the design of the footbath, the use of disinfectants and footbath with a written survey of a representative sample of all sheep farmers. The sample population was selected randomly, however stratified by language region and herdsize to control for differences between these groups. 45.3% (n=1134) of the distributed questionnaires were received for evaluation. On average 32.8% of the respondents used a footbath. Even on large farms (> 50 animals), which were more frequently affected by footrot, a footbath was available only in 52.6% of the farms in the French-speaking part and 67.7% in the German/Italian speaking part of Switzerland. The footbaths were correctly applied in most respects (e.g., pre-claw cleaning, liquid level and concentration of disinfectants, time in the footbath, post-bath drying phase) in the current study. Most commonly mobile plastic baths were in use. The disinfectants used were mainly formalin, copper and zinc sulfate. The incorrect disposal of the heavy-metal containing copper and zinc sulfate solutions was identified as an important problem: In 59% of the sheep farms the remaining footbath solutions were disposed in the slurry pit or manure storage. In summary the current study recommends (i) to motivate sheep farmers to use a footbath for the treatment and prevention of footrot, and (ii) to replace the currently used disinfectants with substances that are non-toxic to humans, animals and the environment.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Clinic for Ruminants
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Public Health Institute
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Dürr, Salome Esther and Steiner, Adrian

Subjects:

500 Science
500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0036-7281

Publisher:

Geselllschaft Schweizer Tierärztinnen und Tierärzte

Language:

German

Submitter:

Nathalie Viviane Zollinger

Date Deposited:

05 Aug 2019 10:59

Last Modified:

28 Oct 2019 21:30

Publisher DOI:

10.17236/sat00210

PubMed ID:

31145680

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.131464

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/131464

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