Hold your strength! Motivation, attention, and emotion as potential psychological mediators between cognitive and physical self-control

Stocker, Eva; Seiler, Roland; Schmid, Jürg; Englert, Chris (2019). Hold your strength! Motivation, attention, and emotion as potential psychological mediators between cognitive and physical self-control. Sport, exercise, and performance psychology, pp. 1-16. American Psychological Association 10.1037/spy0000173

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The process model of self-control posits motivation, emotion, and attention as psychological mediators in the relationship between cognitive and physical self-control. However, this model has never been tested in a sport context. Participants (N=69) completed 2 isometric biceps endurance trials (physical self-control task; T1 and T2), separated by a 6-min cognitive manip-ulation of self-control. Motivation and emotion were assessed before the respective biceps task, and attention was assessed in terms of gaze behavior on task-relevant in comparison with task-irrelevant stimuli during the biceps task (T1 and T2). To test the hypothesis that motivation, emotion, and attention mediated the relationship between cognitive and physical self-control, aparallel multiple mediator model was calculated. The results indicate that motivation, emotion,and attention (relative change between T1 and T2) did not mediate the relationship between cognitive and physical self-control (b=-0.01, 95% bias corrected and accelerated [BCa]confidence interval [-0.06, 0.03]) and that the exertion of cognitive self-control did not necessarily lead to impaired performance. Future studies should investigate the role of task demands and other potential mediators of self-control (e.g., belief about a limited willpower). Keywords:self-regulation, process model, psychological mediators, sports, mediation model

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Education > Educational Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science II

UniBE Contributor:

Stocker, Eva; Seiler, Roland; Schmid, Jürg and Englert, Christoph

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education
700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISSN:

2157-3905

Publisher:

American Psychological Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Edith Desideria Imthurn

Date Deposited:

08 Aug 2019 11:02

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 18:05

Publisher DOI:

10.1037/spy0000173

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.132218

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/132218

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