Acquisition of basic ear surgery skills: a randomized comparison between endoscopic and microscopic techniques.

Anschütz, Lukas; Stricker, Daniel; Yacoub, Abraam; Wimmer, Wilhelm; Caversaccio, Marco; Huwendiek, Sören (2019). Acquisition of basic ear surgery skills: a randomized comparison between endoscopic and microscopic techniques. BMC medical education, 19(1), p. 357. 10.1186/s12909-019-1803-8

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BACKGROUND Endoscopic ear surgery is gaining increasing popularity and has an important impact on teaching middle ear anatomy and basic surgical skills among residents and fellows. Due to the wide-angled views offered, the approach significantly differs from the established microscopic technique. This randomized study compares the acquisition of basic ear-surgery skills using the endoscopic and microscopic technique under standardized conditions. We aim to investigate the required surgical times, attempts and accidental damages to surrounding structures (errors) in surgeons with different training levels. METHODS Final-year medical students (n = 9), residents (n = 14) and consultants (n = 10) from the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery at the University Hospital of Bern, Switzerland were enrolled in the present study. After randomization every participant had to complete a standard set of grasping and dissecting surgical tasks in a temporal bone model. After the first session the participants were crossed over to the other technique. RESULTS Time required for completion of the surgical tasks was similar for both techniques, but highly dependent on the training status. A significant increase in the number of damages to the ossicular chain was observed with the microscopic as compared to the endoscopic technique (p < 0.001). Moreover, students beginning with the endoscopic technique showed an overall significantly lower amount of time to complete the tasks (p = 0.04). From the subjective feedback a preference towards the endoscopic technique mainly in medical students was observed. CONCLUSIONS The endoscopic approach is useful and beneficial for teaching basic surgical skills, mainly by providing a reduction of damage to surrounding tissues with similar operating times for both techniques. Moreover, medical students performed significantly faster, when first taught in the endoscopic technique. Especially for young surgeons without previous training in ear surgery, the endoscope should be considered to improve surgical skills in the middle ear.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute for Medical Education > Master of Medical Education (MME)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders (ENT)
10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research > ARTORG Center - Image Guided Therapy > ARTORG Center - Artificial Hearing Research
04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute for Medical Education > Assessment and Evaluation Unit (AAE)

UniBE Contributor:

Anschütz, Lukas Peter; Stricker, Daniel; Yacoub, Abraam; Wimmer, Wilhelm; Caversaccio, Marco and Huwendiek, Sören

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1472-6920

Language:

English

Submitter:

Wilhelm Wimmer

Date Deposited:

18 Sep 2019 17:25

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 19:20

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/s12909-019-1803-8

PubMed ID:

31521153

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Education Endoscope Endoscopic ear surgery Microscope Surgical skills Teaching

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.133337

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/133337

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