Deviation Patterns of Observed and Expected Haplotype Blocks Associated with Potential Recessive Disorders in Tyrol Grey Cattle

Naji, Maulana; Drögemüller, Cord; Mészáros, Gábor; Sölkner, Johann (2019). Deviation Patterns of Observed and Expected Haplotype Blocks Associated with Potential Recessive Disorders in Tyrol Grey Cattle. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 67(5), pp. 1183-1188. Mendel University Press, Brno 10.11118/actaun201967051183

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Confirmed by phenotypic records, several studies across different breeds in different locations have linked missing homozygous pattern with several defects in the functional system and recessive genetic disorders. Recessive genetic diseases are expressed when the recessive alleles appear in a homozygous state for an individual. One of the indicators to detect the recessive allele is through haplotypes, which have a normal frequency in the population, but never occur in the homozygous state. In this study, we used SNP genotypes of 220 Austrian Tyrol Grey cattle and 80 Italian Tyrol Grey cattle to identify the haplotype blocks (Hapblocks) that possibly carry genes causing recessive disorders. Hapblocks with missing homozygous state in the population were statistically tested as to whether this is very unlikely in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Eight out of all hapblocks passing the threshold had functional genes which are crucial in maintaining the metabolism, production, reproduction, and health of the individuals. These hapblocks had a high frequency of above 13% but never appear in homozygous state. Thus, these are foreseen as potential source of genetic defects. Our finding in this analysis can be used as a reference for further study in haplotype analyses of inherited recessive disease for other cattle breeds.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Institute of Genetics
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Drögemüller, Cord

Subjects:

500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

2464-8310

Publisher:

Mendel University Press, Brno

Language:

English

Submitter:

Cord Drögemüller

Date Deposited:

04 Nov 2019 11:20

Last Modified:

04 Nov 2019 11:20

Publisher DOI:

10.11118/actaun201967051183

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.134493

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/134493

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