Looking back: twenty years of reforming undergraduate medical training and curriculum frameworks in Switzerland

Bonvin, Raphael; Nendaz, Mathieu; Frey, Peter; Schnabel, Kai; Huwendiek, Sören; Schirlo, Christian (2019). Looking back: twenty years of reforming undergraduate medical training and curriculum frameworks in Switzerland. GMS Journal for Medical Education, 2019 German Medical Science 10.3205/zma001272

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Introduction: To date, hardly any reports exist that outline the reforms in medical studies in Switzerland from the first partial reforms in the 1970s until today. Methods: This article outlines the recent history of medical curricula, their reforms in the early 1970s and, based on these, the key reasons for the major curricular reforms of the 2000s from the perspective of the authors. Results: The various projects, initiatives and legislative elements at the national level include the introduction of new quality control instruments – federal examination and programme accreditation, the introduction of a national catalogue of learning objectives and its two follow-up editions, as well as the implementation of the Bologna reform in undergraduate medical curricula. Examples of the key new elements found in all medical training in Switzerland include: the interdisciplinary orientation of learning content in organ and functional system-oriented subject areas or modules, the enhanced valorisation of practical clinical training, as well as the introduction of problem-oriented formats and the integration of partly formative, partly summative exams according to the format of the objective structured practical examination (OSCE). Characteristics unique to the four medical faculties and their medical training programme are also highlighted. Discussion: The described projects, initiatives and legislative elements have led to a dynamic, continuous development of medical curricula in Switzerland. The close cooperation between the faculties and the Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH) has also resulted in a redefinition of the roles and responsibilities of universities and the Federal Government according to the new Law on Medical Professions. This guarantees the medical faculties a great deal of autonomy, without neglecting quality assurance.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute for Medical Education
04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute for Medical Education > Education and Media Unit (AUM)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute for Medical Education > Assessment and Evaluation Unit (AAE)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Faculty Institutions > Office of the Dean, Faculty of Medicine > Office of the Dean, Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Frey, Peter; Schnabel, Kai and Huwendiek, Sören

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2366-5017

Publisher:

German Medical Science

Language:

Multilingual

Submitter:

Eveline Götschmann-Meile

Date Deposited:

11 Nov 2019 12:36

Last Modified:

19 Nov 2019 07:59

Publisher DOI:

10.3205/zma001272

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.134589

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/134589

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