Physical activity and screen time in children who survived cancer: A report from the Swiss Childhood Cancer Survivor Study.

Schindera, Christina; Weiss, Annette; Hagenbuch, Niels; Otth, Maria; Diesch, Tamara; von der Weid, Nicolas; Kuehni, Claudia E (2020). Physical activity and screen time in children who survived cancer: A report from the Swiss Childhood Cancer Survivor Study. Pediatric blood & cancer, 67(2), e28046. Wiley-Liss 10.1002/pbc.28046

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BACKGROUND

Physical activity (PA) can reduce the risk of chronic adverse health conditions in childhood cancer survivors. We examined PA and sedentary screen time behavior in a nationwide study in Switzerland.

PROCEDURES

The Swiss Childhood Cancer Survivor Study sent questionnaires to parents of all Swiss resident ≥5-year survivors diagnosed between 1995 and 2010. We assessed PA including compulsory school sport, recreational sport, commuting to school, and time spent with screen media in those aged 5-15 years, and compared results with international recommendations.

RESULTS

We included 766 survivors with a median age at diagnosis of 2.8 (interquartile range 1.4-5.0) years and a median age at study of 12.5 (10.0-14.3) years. Median PA time was 7.3 (4.8-10.0) h/week and median screen time was 82 (45-120) min/day. Compulsory school sport hours and walking or cycling to school contributed significantly to total PA. Note that 55% of survivors met PA and 68% screen time recommendations. PA was lower for children living in regions of Switzerland speaking French or Italian compared to German, and for those who had a relapse or musculoskeletal/neurological conditions. Screen time was higher in males, children with lower parental education, and a migration background.

CONCLUSIONS

PA and sedentary screen watching were associated with social factors, and PA also with clinical risk factors. Structural preventions that afford active commuting to school and sufficient school sport are essential, as is counseling vulnerable survivor groups such as those with musculoskeletal and neurological problems, and those who have had a relapse.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Schindera, Christina; Hagenbuch, Niels; Otth, Maria and Kühni, Claudia

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services
000 Computer science, knowledge & systems > 020 Library & information sciences

ISSN:

1545-5009

Publisher:

Wiley-Liss

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Flükiger-Flückiger

Date Deposited:

26 Nov 2019 13:59

Last Modified:

19 Nov 2020 19:39

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/pbc.28046

PubMed ID:

31750617

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Swiss Childhood Cancer Registry childhood cancer survivors chronic health conditions exercise late effects

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.135624

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/135624

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