Challenges for Participatory Conservation in Times of Global Change: Lessons from a Comparative Analysis and New Developments

Haller, Tobias; Galvin, Marc (2011). Challenges for Participatory Conservation in Times of Global Change: Lessons from a Comparative Analysis and New Developments. In: Wiesmann, Urs Martin; Hurni, Hans (eds.) Research for Sustainable Development. Foundations, Experiences, and Perspectives. Perspectives of the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research NCCR North-South University of Bern: Vol. 6 (pp. 467-503). Bern: Geographica Bernensia

[img]
Preview
Text
23_Haller.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (1MB) | Preview

Participatory approaches to conservation have been applied worldwide by governments and non-governmental organisations. However, results from a comparative analysis of the impacts of global change on management issues in 13 protected areas in Africa, Latin America, Asia, and Europe show that in many cases the involvement of local people has remained limited, and economic gains for local livelihoods have been limited or non-existent. Viewed from a ‘new institutionalist’ perspective and focusing on power relations and ideologies, the results of this study carried out within the framework of the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South show that in African cases local people do not feel part of the process and, therefore, become disengaged. In Asia, and even more so in Latin America, local indigenous peoples and their leaders support protected areas as a means to gain political rights over areas threatened by immigration. The European (Swiss) case is the only one where political rights and economic incentives present a context in which participation is of direct interest to local people. Meanwhile, recent debates on new global conservation developments in the context of climate change policy indicate a growing tendency to treat conservation as a commodity. We argue that this can have problematical effects on efforts to devolve power to the local level in the context of conservation.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of Art and Cultural Studies > Institute of Social Anthropology
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Integrative Geography
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > NCCR North-South Management Centre (discontinued)
10 Strategic Research Centers > Centre for Development and Environment (CDE)
09 Interdisciplinary Units > Interdisciplinary Centre for General Ecology (IKAÖ)

UniBE Contributor:

Haller, Tobias; Wiesmann, Urs Martin and Hurni, Hans

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 330 Economics
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology

Series:

Perspectives of the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research NCCR North-South University of Bern

Publisher:

Geographica Bernensia

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:34

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2015 02:17

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.13807

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/13807 (FactScience: 220424)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback