Review: Endocrine pathways to regulate calcium homeostasis around parturition and the prevention of hypocalcemia in periparturient dairy cows.

Hernández-Castellano, L E; Hernandez, L L; Bruckmaier, R M (2020). Review: Endocrine pathways to regulate calcium homeostasis around parturition and the prevention of hypocalcemia in periparturient dairy cows. Animal, 14(2), pp. 330-338. Cambridge University Press 10.1017/S1751731119001605

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Calcium homeostasis is crucial for the normal function of the organism. Parathyroid hormone, calcitriol and calcitonin play critical roles in the homeostatic regulation of calcium. Serotonin and prolactin have also been shown to be involved in the regulation of calcium homeostasis. In modern dairy cows, the endocrine pathways controlling calcium homeostasis during non-lactating and non-pregnant physiological states are unable to fully support the increased demand of calcium required for milk synthesis at the onset of lactation. This review describes different endocrine systems associated with the regulation of calcium homeostasis in mammalian species around parturition with special focus on dairy cows. Additionally, classic and novel strategies to reduce the incidence of hypocalcemia in parturient dairy cows are discussed.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Physiology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Hernández-Castellano, L E and Bruckmaier, Rupert

Subjects:

500 Science
500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)

ISSN:

1751-7311

Publisher:

Cambridge University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Hélène Elisabeth Meier

Date Deposited:

03 Feb 2020 15:12

Last Modified:

03 Feb 2020 20:33

Publisher DOI:

10.1017/S1751731119001605

PubMed ID:

31337460

Uncontrolled Keywords:

mammary gland metabolic diseases metabolism mineral balance transition period

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.138780

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/138780

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