Do the Manual or Computer-Controlled Flowmeters Generate Similar Isoflurane Concentrations in Tafonius?

Raillard, Mathieu; Levionnois, Olivier; MacFarlane, Paul (2019). Do the Manual or Computer-Controlled Flowmeters Generate Similar Isoflurane Concentrations in Tafonius? Frontiers in veterinary science, 6 Frontiers Media 10.3389/fvets.2019.00160

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Introduction: Tafonius is an anesthesia machine with computer-controlled monitor and ventilator. We compared the isoflurane fluctuations in the circuit with manual (MF) or computer-driven (CF) flowmeters, investigated the origin of the differences and assessed whether isoflurane concentration time course followed a one-compartment model.
Material and Methods: A calibrated TEC-3 isoflurane vaporizer was used. Gas composition and flows were measured using a multiparametric monitor and a digital flowmeter. Measurements included: (1) Effects of various FiO2 with MF/CF on the isoflurane fraction changes in the breathing system during mechanical ventilation of a lung model; wash-in kinetic was fitted to a compartmental model; (2) Gas outflow at the common gas outlet (CGO) with MF/CF at different FiO2; (3) Isoflurane output of the vaporizer at various dial settings with MF/CF set at different flows without and with reduction of the CGO diameter.
Results: (1) The 3% targeted isoflurane concentration was not reached; additional time was required to reach specific concentrations with CF (lowest FiO2, longer time). The exponential course fitted a two-compartment model; (2) Set and measured flows were identical with MF. With CF at 0.21 FiO2, flow was intermittently 7.6 L min−1 or zero (mean total: 38% of the set flow); with CF at 1.00 FiO2, flow was 10.6 L min−1 or zero (mean: 4–5.3 L min−1); with 0.21 < FiO2 < 1.00, combined flow was intermittent (maximum output: 15.6 L min−1); (3) With MF, isoflurane output was matching dial setting at 5 L min−1 but was lower at higher flows; with CF generating intermittent flows, isoflurane output was fluctuating. With the 4 mm diameter CGO, isoflurane concentration was close to dial setting with both MF and CF. With a 14 G CGO, isoflurane concentration was lower than dial setting with MF, higher with CF.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance: Using MF or CF led to different isoflurane fraction time course in Tafonius. Flows were lower than set with CF; the TEC-3 did not compensate for high/intermittent flows and pressures; the CGO diameter influenced isoflurane output.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DKV - Anaesthesiology

UniBE Contributor:

Raillard, Mathieu Clément and Levionnois, Olivier


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Frontiers Media




Claudia Spadavecchia

Date Deposited:

04 Feb 2020 11:03

Last Modified:

04 Feb 2020 11:12

Publisher DOI:





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