Roll tilt self-motion direction discrimination training: First evidence for perceptual learning

Klaus, Manuel P.; Schöne, C. G.; Hartmann, M.; Merfeld, D. M.; Schubert, M. C.; Mast, F. W. (2020). Roll tilt self-motion direction discrimination training: First evidence for perceptual learning (In Press). Attention, perception, & psychophysics : AP&P, pp. 1-13. Springer 10.3758/s13414-019-01967-2

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Perceptual learning, the ability to improve the sensitivity of sensory perception through training, has been shown to exist in all sensory systems but the vestibular system. A previous study found no improvement of passive self-motion thresholds in the dark after intense direction discrimination training of either yaw rotations (stimulating semicircular canals) or y-translation (stimulating otoliths). The goal of the present study was to investigate whether perceptual learning of self-motion in the dark would occur when there is a simultaneous otolith and semicircular canal input, as is the case with roll tilt motion stimuli. Blindfolded subjects (n = 10) trained on a direction discrimination task with 0.2-Hz roll tilt motion stimuli (9 h of training, 1,800 trials). Before and after training, motion thresholds were measured in the dark for the trained motion and for three transfer conditions. We found that roll tilt sensitivity in the 0.2-Hz roll tilt condition was increased (i.e., thresholds decreased) after training but not for controls who were not exposed to training. This is the first demonstration of perceptual learning of passive self-motion direction discrimination in the dark. The results have potential therapeutic relevance as 0.2-Hz roll thresholds have been associated with poor performance on a clinical balance test that has been linked to more than a fivefold increase in falls.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology, Perception and Methodology

UniBE Contributor:

Klaus, Manuel Patrick; Maalouli-Hartmann, Matthias and Mast, Fred

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

1943-3921

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Manuel Patrick Klaus

Date Deposited:

18 Feb 2020 11:19

Last Modified:

19 Feb 2020 01:34

Publisher DOI:

10.3758/s13414-019-01967-2

PubMed ID:

31898068

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.140287

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/140287

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