"Lettres d’un voyageur," or George Sand’s pre-heteronomic method

Fournier Kiss, Corinne (24 June 2019). "Lettres d’un voyageur," or George Sand’s pre-heteronomic method (Unpublished). In: Colloque "Mondes et sociabiité du spectacle autour de George Sand". Berne. 24 juin 2019.

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Lettres d'un voyageur, by George Sand, a set of twelve heterogeneous letters (most of which were actually sent), which were gathered together and reworked to form a single work intended for publication, offer a dramaturgical conception of literary work.
The twelve letter-writers, of different characteristics, in appearances, personalities, and ages, seem to be, a priori, exclusive of each other; it would probably not be wrong to conceive them as embryos of "heteronyms". These letter-writers of Sand, as with Pessoa's heteronyms, evolve like theatrical characters: Sand’s writers and Pessoa's heteronyms present themselves as actors, visible on stage and seemingly leading independent real lives, whereas their creators, even if being omnipotent playwrights who manipulate the threads of these new personalities, disappear behind the scenes.
To Sand, as the author of the Lettres d'un voyageur, could be applied this observation of Pessoa: “The central point of my personality as an artist is being a dramatic poet; I have [...] the intimate exaltation of the poet and the depersonalization of the playwright” [“O ponto central da minha personalidade como artista é que sou um poeta dramático; tenho continuamente, em tudo quanto escrevo, a exaltação íntima do poeta e a despersonalização do dramaturgo”, in Pessoa, Textos de Crítica e de Intervenção]. However, while this artistic conviviality manifests itself, for the Portuguese author, by the exhaustion of his own life in anonymity, solitude and marginalization, for Sand, on the contrary, literary polyphony seems to be only an instrument put in the service of a sociability meant to fully come to fruition in her real life.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)


06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of Linguistics and Literary Studies > Institute of French Language and Literature

UniBE Contributor:

Fournier Kiss, Corinne


800 Literature, rhetoric & criticism > 840 French & related literatures
400 Language > 440 French & related languages
800 Literature, rhetoric & criticism
800 Literature, rhetoric & criticism > 860 Spanish & Portuguese literatures




Corinne Ingrid Fournier Kiss

Date Deposited:

04 Jun 2020 17:32

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:38



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