Shear Stress Estimated by Quantitative Coronary Angiography Predicts Plaques Prone to Progress and Cause Events.

Bourantas, Christos V; Zanchin, Thomas; Torii, Ryo; Serruys, Patrick W; Karagiannis, Alexios; Ramasamy, Anantharaman; Safi, Hannah; Coskun, Ahmet Umit; Koning, Gerhard; Onuma, Yoshinobu; Zanchin, Christian; Krams, Rob; Mathur, Anthony; Baumbach, Andreas; Mintz, Gary; Windecker, Stephan; Lansky, Alexandra; Maehara, Akiko; Stone, Peter H; Raber, Lorenz; ... (2020). Shear Stress Estimated by Quantitative Coronary Angiography Predicts Plaques Prone to Progress and Cause Events. JACC. Cardiovascular imaging, 13(10), pp. 2206-2219. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jcmg.2020.02.028

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OBJECTIVES

This study examined the value of endothelial shear stress (ESS) estimated in 3-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography (3D-QCA) models in detecting plaques that are likely to progress and cause events.

BACKGROUND

Cumulative evidence has shown that plaque characteristics and ESS derived from intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-based reconstructions enable prediction of lesions that will cause cardiovascular events. However, the prognostic value of ESS estimated by 3D-QCA in nonflow limiting lesions is yet unclear.

METHODS

This study analyzed baseline virtual histology (VH)-IVUS and angiographic data from 28 lipid-rich lesions (i.e., fibroatheromas) that caused major adverse cardiovascular events or required revascularization (MACE-R) at 5-year follow-up and 119 lipid-rich plaques from a control group that remained quiescent. The segments studied by VH-IVUS at baseline were reconstructed using 3D-QCA software. In the obtained geometries, blood flow simulation was performed, and the pressure gradient across the lipid-rich plaque and the mean ESS values in 3-mm segments were estimated. The additive value of these hemodynamic indexes in predicting MACE-R beyond plaque characteristics was examined.

RESULTS

MACE-R lesions were longer, had smaller minimum lumen area, increased plaque burden (PB), were exposed to higher ESS, and exhibited a higher pressure gradient. In multivariable analysis, PB (hazard ratio: 1.08; p = 0.004) and the maximum 3-mm ESS value (hazard ratio: 1.11; p = 0.001) were independent predictors of MACE-R. Lesions exposed to high ESS (>4.95 Pa) with a high-risk anatomy (minimal lumen area <4 mm2 and PB >70%) had a higher MACE-R rate (53.8%) than those with a low-risk anatomy exposed to high ESS (31.6%) or those exposed to low ESS who had high- (20.0%) or low-risk anatomy (7.1%; p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS

In the present study, 3D-QCA-derived local hemodynamic variables provided useful prognostic information, and, in combination with lesion anatomy, enabled more accurate identification of MACE-R lesions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > CTU Bern

UniBE Contributor:

Zanchin, Thomas; Karagiannis Voules, Alexios; Zanchin, Christian; Windecker, Stephan and Räber, Lorenz

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

1936-878X

Publisher:

Elsevier

Funders:

[4] Swiss National Science Foundation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Flükiger-Flückiger

Date Deposited:

27 May 2020 12:25

Last Modified:

20 Nov 2020 12:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jcmg.2020.02.028

PubMed ID:

32417338

Additional Information:

Bourantes and Zanchin contributed equally to this work.

Uncontrolled Keywords:

quantitative coronary angiography shear stress vulnerable plaque

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.144322

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/144322

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