The effect of dexmedetomidine on vasopressor requirements in patients with septic shock: a subgroup analysis of the Sedation Practice in Intensive Care Evaluation [SPICE III] Trial.

Cioccari, Luca; Luethi, Nora; Bailey, Michael; Shehabi, Yahya; Howe, Belinda; Messmer, Anna S.; Proimos, Helena K.; Peck, Leah; Young, Helen; Eastwood, Glenn M.; Merz, Tobias M.; Takala, Jukka; Jakob, Stephan M.; Bellomo, Rinaldo (2020). The effect of dexmedetomidine on vasopressor requirements in patients with septic shock: a subgroup analysis of the Sedation Practice in Intensive Care Evaluation [SPICE III] Trial. Critical care, 24(1), p. 441. BioMed Central 10.1186/s13054-020-03115-x

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BACKGROUND

Septic shock is associated with decreased vasopressor responsiveness. Experimental data suggest that central alpha2-agonists like dexmedetomidine (DEX) increase vasopressor responsiveness and reduce catecholamine requirements in septic shock. However, DEX may also cause hypotension and bradycardia. Thus, it remains unclear whether DEX is hemodynamically safe or helpful in this setting.

METHODS

In this post hoc subgroup analysis of the Sedation Practice in Intensive Care Evaluation (SPICE III) trial, an international randomized trial comparing early sedation with dexmedetomidine to usual care in critically patients receiving mechanical ventilation, we studied patients with septic shock admitted to two tertiary ICUs in Australia and Switzerland. The primary outcome was vasopressor requirements in the first 48 h after randomization, expressed as noradrenaline equivalent dose (NEq [μg/kg/min] = noradrenaline + adrenaline + vasopressin/0.4).

RESULTS

Between November 2013 and February 2018, 417 patients were recruited into the SPICE III trial at both sites. Eighty-three patients with septic shock were included in this subgroup analysis. Of these, 44 (53%) received DEX and 39 (47%) usual care. Vasopressor requirements in the first 48 h were similar between the two groups. Median NEq dose was 0.03 [0.01, 0.07] μg/kg/min in the DEX group and 0.04 [0.01, 0.16] μg/kg/min in the usual care group (p = 0.17). However, patients in the DEX group had a lower NEq/MAP ratio, indicating lower vasopressor requirements to maintain the target MAP. Moreover, on adjusted multivariable analysis, higher dexmedetomidine dose was associated with a lower NEq/MAP ratio.

CONCLUSIONS

In critically ill patients with septic shock, patients in the DEX group received similar vasopressor doses in the first 48 h compared to the usual care group. On multivariable adjusted analysis, dexmedetomidine appeared to be associated with lower vasopressor requirements to maintain the target MAP.

TRIAL REGISTRATION

The SPICE III trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov ( NCT01728558 ).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic of Intensive Care

UniBE Contributor:

Cioccari, Luca; Messmer, Anna Sarah; Takala, Jukka and Jakob, Stephan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1364-8535

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Mirella Aeberhard

Date Deposited:

20 Jul 2020 10:02

Last Modified:

26 Jul 2020 02:49

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/s13054-020-03115-x

PubMed ID:

32678054

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Dexmedetomidine Hemodynamics Noradrenaline Sedation Sepsis Septic shock

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.145260

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/145260

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