Housing and Management of Turkey Flocks in Canada.

van Staaveren, Nienke; Leishman, Emily M; Adams, Sarah M; Wood, Benjamin J; Harlander-Matauschek, Alexandra; Baes, Christine F. (2020). Housing and Management of Turkey Flocks in Canada. Animals, 10(7) MDPI 10.3390/ani10071159

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An increased understanding of the turkey sector and how farmers manage flocks can help maintain and improve the health and welfare of turkeys. We conducted a cross-sectional survey among turkey farmers in Canada to gain information regarding general farm characteristics, housing aspects (incl. lighting, ventilation), litter management, feed and water management, flock characteristics, and flock health management. The survey was distributed to 500 farmers through the Turkey Farmers of Canada in April-December 2019. A total of 83 final responses (response rate approx. 20%) were used for a descriptive analysis to determine the frequency of housing and management practices (77 commercial flocks, 6 breeder flocks). Hen flocks (n = 53) had a median age of eight weeks (IQR: 7-12 weeks) and tom flocks (n = 30) had a median age of 12 weeks (IQR: 9-14 weeks). Turkey flocks within Canada are typically kept in indoor barn systems on a concrete floor (87.5%), with bedding (e.g., straw, wood shavings) provided (100%). The majority followed a brood and move growing system (68.8%), and a large proportion of farmers indicated that they raised turkeys under the 'Raised Without Antibiotics/Antibiotic Free' or the 'Responsible Use of Antibiotics' certification (70.5%). Possible room for improvement could be found in terms of litter management and biosecurity practices, however, further research is needed to make clear recommendations.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Institute of Genetics
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Baes, Christine Francoise

Subjects:

500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

2076-2615

Publisher:

MDPI

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christine Francoise Baes

Date Deposited:

05 Aug 2020 07:59

Last Modified:

05 Aug 2020 07:59

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/ani10071159

PubMed ID:

32650501

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Meleagris gallopavo housing management poultry survey

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.145574

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/145574

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