Variability in tongue pressure among elderly and young healthy cohorts: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Arakawa, Itsuka; Igarashi, Kensuke; Imamura, Yoshiki; Müller, Frauke; Abou-Ayash, Samir; Schimmel, Martin (2021). Variability in tongue pressure among elderly and young healthy cohorts: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of oral rehabilitation, 48(4), pp. 430-448. Blackwell Scientific Publications 10.1111/joor.13076

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OBJECTIVES

Tongue pressure (TP) is used for the diagnosis of oral hypofunction, however, the impact of several variables on TP is unclear. Therefore, the current systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to analyze the variability in tongue-pressure among healthy individuals aged ≥60 years versus <60 years. Secondary outcomes were the influence of gender and the type of measuring device (Iowa Oral Performance Instrument (IOPI) vs. JMS tongue pressure measurement device (JMS)).

METHODS

PubMed and the Japanese database Ichu-Shi-Web were searched systematically by two independent reviewers for studies reporting TP values in healthy populations. Clinical studies published between 1959 and June 2020 with more than 10 participants, written in English, German, or Japanese were included. A random-effects meta-regression for aggregate-level data was applied (α<0.05).

RESULTS

Sixty-eight studies reported TP for a total of 13773 subjects aged <60 years (n=3265) and ≥60 years (n=10508). TP was significantly higher in subjects <60 years (estimated weighted mean (EWM)±standard error=51.9±1.28kPa; 95%CI=49.4-54.4) relative to those ≥60 (EWM=34.7±0.94kPa; 95%CI=32.8-36.5) (p< 0.001), men (EWM= 45.9±2.09kPa; 95%CI=41.8-50.0) relative to women (EWM=39.3±1.68kPa; 95%CI=36.0-42.6) (p=0.015), and when assessed with the IOPI (EWM=51.9±1.32kPa; 95%CI=49.3-54.5) compared to the JMS (EWM =33.5±0.63kPa; 95%CI=32.2-34.7) (p<0.001). In terms of gender, there was no significant difference in TP among subjects ≥60 years (p=0.282). However, in subjects younger than 60, a significant difference was observed (p=0.004).

CONCLUSIONS

Healthy populations aged <60 years showed significantly higher TP than those aged ≥60 years. TP values ascertained by the IOPI are significantly higher than those obtained with the JMS. (247 words).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Reconstructive Dentistry and Gerodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Arakawa, Itsuka; Abou-Ayash, Samir and Schimmel, Martin

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0305-182X

Publisher:

Blackwell Scientific Publications

Language:

English

Submitter:

Tina Lauper

Date Deposited:

04 Sep 2020 10:56

Last Modified:

16 Aug 2021 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/joor.13076

PubMed ID:

32799377

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Geriatric Dentistry Hypofunction Muscle Strength Oral Frailty Systematic Review Tongue Pressure

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.146319

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/146319

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