Early Loading of Titanium Dental Implants with an Intraoperatively Conditioned Hydrophilic Implant Surface: 3-Year Results of a Prospective Case Series Study.

Hicklin, Stefan Paul; Janner, Simone F. M.; Schnider, Nicole; Chappuis, Vivianne; Buser, Daniel; Brägger, Urs (2020). Early Loading of Titanium Dental Implants with an Intraoperatively Conditioned Hydrophilic Implant Surface: 3-Year Results of a Prospective Case Series Study. The international journal of oral & maxillofacial implants, 35(5), pp. 1013-1020. Quintessence Publishing 10.11607/jomi.8045

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PURPOSE

The hydrophilic implant surface (INICELL) is a chemical alteration of a sandblasted and thermally acid-etched surface that should lead to long-term osseointegration. This study investigated 3-year results after early loading of implants with a hydrophilic, moderately rough surface in occlusal contact.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

This prospective case series study was conducted in subjects with partially edentulous mandibles. Implants were placed on day 21 and loaded with a provisional reconstruction after at least 21 days of healing (baseline, day 0) if their implant stability quotient (ISQ) was ≥ 70 (mean of three measurements) and were replaced by definitive porcelain-fused-to-metal prostheses at the 6-month follow-up visit. Follow-up examinations were planned 1, 3, 6, 12, and 36 months after baseline.

RESULTS

A total of 20 implants were placed in 15 patients (mean age: 51 years, range: 32 to 67 years). After 36 months, all implants were osseointegrated, and no suppuration was recorded. Small changes of bone level were observed between 3 months and 36 months. At 36 months, the median values of the 20 implants were 0.25 (range: 0 to 0.5, SD: 0.17), 0.25 (range: 0 to 1, SD: 0.27), and 4 (range: 2 to 7.25, SD: 1.17) for the mean modified Plaque Index (mPI), mean modified Sulcus Bleeding Index (mSBI), and mean probing pocket depth, respectively. The pairwise analysis between 3 and 36 months showed an improvement in the mean mPI (P = .0126) and mean mSBI (P = .0059). After 36 months, all patients (n = 15) were fully satisfied with a mean of 9.43 (range: 8 to 10, SD: 0.678) at the visual analog scale.

CONCLUSION

Early functional loading of implants with a hydrophilic, moderately rough outer surface in occlusal contact 21 days after healing appears to be a safe and feasible treatment option when placed in the posterior mandible of partially edentulous patients.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Oral Surgery and Stomatology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Reconstructive Dentistry and Gerodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Hicklin, Stefan; Janner, Simone; Schnider, Nicole; Chappuis, Vivianne; Buser, Daniel Albin and Brägger, Urs

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1942-4434

Publisher:

Quintessence Publishing

Language:

English

Submitter:

Tina Lauper

Date Deposited:

21 Dec 2020 17:32

Last Modified:

21 Dec 2020 17:32

Publisher DOI:

10.11607/jomi.8045

PubMed ID:

32991653

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.146795

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/146795

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