Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt and alfapump® system for refractory ascites in liver cirrhosis: Outcomes and complications.

Will, Valerie; Rodrigues, Susana G; Stirnimann, Guido; De Gottardi, Andrea; Bosch, Jaime; Berzigotti, Annalisa (2020). Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt and alfapump® system for refractory ascites in liver cirrhosis: Outcomes and complications. United european gastroenterology journal, 8(8), pp. 961-969. Sage 10.1177/2050640620938525

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BACKGROUND

Treatment of refractory ascites in liver cirrhosis is challenging. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt and alfapump® have been proposed for the management, but few data comparing both exist.

AIMS

The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics and outcomes of patients treated with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt and alfapump® for refractory ascites at our centre.

METHODS

All consecutive patients were retrospectively reviewed for baseline characteristics, efficacy of treatment, complications and survival.

RESULTS

In total, 19 patients with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt and 40 patients with alfapump® were included. Patients with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt had better liver function and less hepatic encephalopathy at baseline. Fifty-eight per cent of patients developed hepatic encephalopathy in the first six months after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt. In patients with alfapump®, renal function decreased and 58% developed prerenal impairment and 43% hepatorenal syndrome in the first six months. Alfapump® patients with new catheters required less reinterventions (26% versus 57% with old catheters, p = 0.049). Transplant-free survival at 1 year was 25% in alfapump® and 65% in transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt. Hepatic encephalopathy predicted transplant-free survival in patients with alfapump® (hazard ratio 2.00, 95% confidence interval 0.99-4.02, p = 0.05). In a sensitivity analysis comparing patients with similar liver function, the rate of hepatorenal syndrome and prerenal impairment was higher in patients with alfapump® and these patients were hospitalised more frequently, whereas the rate of hepatic encephalopathy was similar in both treatment groups.

CONCLUSIONS

Both transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt and alfapump® were effective treatments for refractory ascites in cirrhosis. Patients treated with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt had a better one-year transplant-free survival but had less negative prognostic factors at baseline. Selecting patients without hepatic encephalopathy prior to implantation of an alfapump® might improve transplant-free survival.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Hepatology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Hepatologie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Hepatologie

UniBE Contributor:

Gomes Rodrigues, Susana; Stirnimann, Guido; De Gottardi, Andrea; Bosch, Jaime and Berzigotti, Annalisa

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2050-6406

Publisher:

Sage

Language:

English

Submitter:

Rahel Fuhrer

Date Deposited:

09 Dec 2020 16:16

Last Modified:

09 Dec 2020 16:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1177/2050640620938525

PubMed ID:

32588789

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt ascites automated low-flow ascites pump liver cirrhosis

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.148170

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/148170

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