Colder ambient temperatures influence acute onset canine intervertebral disc extrusion.

Barandun, Marc A.; Bult, Stella; Demierre, Stanislas; Vidondo, Beatriz; Forterre, Franck (2020). Colder ambient temperatures influence acute onset canine intervertebral disc extrusion. Frontiers in veterinary science, 7(175), p. 175. Frontiers Media 10.3389/fvets.2020.00175

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Canine intervertebral disc disease is one of the most common neurologic conditions in veterinary medicine but the influence of environmental factors thereon has not been fully investigated. Subjectively, there has been the impression of increased admissions of acute spinal cord injuries due to intervertebral disc extrusion during periods of colder temperatures. In the present retrospective study, the different weather conditions (temperature, precipitation, sunshine, humidity, and atmospheric pressure) during the acute onset of clinical signs and a lag period of 3 days prior to the occurrence of symptoms were analyzed. One-hundred-and-one client owned dogs from the meteorological region of the Lake Geneva were presented to two referral centers during the 6-year (2007–2012) study period. Chondrodystrophic dogs represented 65.3% of our population, with the French Bulldog (19.8%) and Dachshund (17.8%) being the most common breeds. Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified an increased occurrence of intervertebral disc disease during colder temperatures. Our results are congruent with those of human studies which have shown that lower ambient temperatures are associated with more pain and increased risk for muscle injuries. The interplay of endogenous (breed, anatomical characteristics) and exogenous (environmental) factors should be addressed in a larger cohort study.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DKV - Clinical Neurology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Public Health Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Barandun, Marc André; Vidondo, Beatriz and Forterre, Franck

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2297-1769

Publisher:

Frontiers Media

Language:

English

Submitter:

Manuel Roland Schmidli

Date Deposited:

24 Nov 2020 10:53

Last Modified:

29 Nov 2020 02:45

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fvets.2020.00175

PubMed ID:

32318591

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.148443

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/148443

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