Radio-luno-triquetral bone-ligament transfer as an additional stabilizer in scapholunate-instability.

Haug, Luzian C. P.; Adler, Tom; Bignion, Dietmar; Voegelin, Esther (2021). Radio-luno-triquetral bone-ligament transfer as an additional stabilizer in scapholunate-instability. Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery, 141(2), pp. 341-347. Springer 10.1007/s00402-020-03690-2

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INTRODUCTION

Reconstruction of the scapho-lunate (SL) ligament is still challenging. Many different techniques, such as capsulodesis, tendon graft and bone-ligament-bone graft have been described to stabilize reducible SL dissociation. If primary ligament repair alone is not possible, an additional stabilizer is needed to achieve scapho-lunate stability. A new local bone-ligament transfer using half of the radio-luno-triquetral ligament is performed. The direction of traction of the transposed ligament is very similar to the original ligament. Ideal tension can be attained by fixation of the bone block at the dorsal ridge of the scaphoid. The biomechanical stability of this bone-ligament transfer shall be examined biomechanically.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

Computed tomography imaging was performed using eight cadaveric forearms with a defined position of the wrist. Axial load was accomplished with tension springs attached to the extensor and flexor tendons. Three series ([a] native, [b] divided SL ligament and [c]) after reconstruction with bone-ligament transfer] were reconstructed three-dimensionally to determine the angles between radius, scaphoid and lunate. The radial distal part including a bone fragment of the radio-luno-triquetral ligament was transferred from its insertion at the distal edge of the radius to be attached to the dorsal ridge of the scaphoid.

RESULTS

SL gap was widened after its transection. Average SL distance was 6.6 ± 1.6 mm. After ligament reconstruction, the gap could be narrowed significantly to 4.2 mm (± 0.7 mm). The movement of the scaphoid and lunate showed significant changes, especially in wrist flexion, fist closure and radial deviation. These deviations could be corrected by the bone ligament transfer.

CONCLUSION

Reconstruction of a transected SL ligament with a bone-ligament transfer from the radio-luno-triquetral ligament reduces SL dissociation under axial load. The described surgical technique causes low donor-side morbidity and can be considered in addition to improve stability if SL ligament suture alone does not appear sufficient.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE

Level II, therapeutic investigating experimental study.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Plastic and Hand Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Plastic and Hand Surgery > Hand Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Haug, Luzian Carlo Peter; Adler, Tom; Bignion, Dietmar and Vögelin, Esther

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0936-8051

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Veronika Picha

Date Deposited:

23 Dec 2020 14:09

Last Modified:

19 Feb 2021 01:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00402-020-03690-2

PubMed ID:

33251560

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Bone-ligament transfer SL-reconstruction Scapho-lunate instability

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/148863

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/148863

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