CCDC66 frameshift variant associated with a new form of early-onset progressive retinal atrophy in Portuguese Water Dogs.

Murgiano, Leonardo; Becker, Doreen; Spector, Courtney; Carlin, Kendall; Santana, Evelyn; Niggel, Jessica K; Jagannathan, Vidya; Leeb, Tosso; Pearce-Kelling, Sue; Aguirre, Gustavo D; Miyadera, Keiko (2020). CCDC66 frameshift variant associated with a new form of early-onset progressive retinal atrophy in Portuguese Water Dogs. Scientific reports, 10(1), p. 21162. Springer Nature 10.1038/s41598-020-77980-5

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Aberrant photoreceptor function or morphogenesis leads to blinding retinal degenerative diseases, the majority of which have a genetic aetiology. A variant in PRCD previously identified in Portuguese Water Dogs (PWDs) underlies prcd (progressive rod-cone degeneration), an autosomal recessive progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) with a late onset at 3-6 years of age or older. Herein, we have identified a new form of early-onset PRA (EOPRA) in the same breed. Pedigree analysis suggested an autosomal recessive inheritance. Four PWD full-siblings affected with EOPRA diagnosed at 2-3 years of age were genotyped (173,661 SNPs) along with 2 unaffected siblings, 2 unaffected parents, and 15 unrelated control PWDs. GWAS, linkage analysis and homozygosity mapping defined a 26-Mb candidate region in canine chromosome 20. Whole-genome sequencing in one affected dog and its obligatory carrier parents identified a 1 bp insertion (CFA20:g.33,717,704_33,717,705insT (CanFam3.1); c.2262_c.2263insA) in CCDC66 predicted to cause a frameshift and truncation (p.Val747SerfsTer8). Screening of an extended PWD population confirmed perfect co-segregation of this genetic variant with the disease. Western blot analysis of COS-1 cells transfected with recombinant mutant CCDC66 expression constructs showed the mutant transcript translated into a truncated protein. Furthermore, in vitro studies suggest that the mutant CCDC66 is mislocalized to the nucleus relative to wild type CCDC66. CCDC66 variants have been associated with inherited retinal degenerations (RDs) including canine and murine ciliopathies. As genetic variants affecting the primary cilium can cause ciliopathies in which RD may be either the sole clinical manifestation or part of a syndrome, our findings further support a role for CCDC66 in retinal function and viability, potentially through its ciliary function.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Institute of Genetics

UniBE Contributor:

Jagannathan, Vidya and Leeb, Tosso

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2045-2322

Publisher:

Springer Nature

Language:

English

Submitter:

Tosso Leeb

Date Deposited:

07 Dec 2020 16:26

Last Modified:

19 Mar 2021 18:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/s41598-020-77980-5

PubMed ID:

33273526

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.149124

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/149124

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