Increased risk of cardiac ischaemia in a pan-European cohort of 36 205 childhood cancer survivors: a PanCareSurFup study.

Feijen, Elizabeth Arnoldina Maria; van Dalen, Elvira C; van der Pal, Heleen J H; Reulen, Raoul C; Winter, David L; Kuehni, Claudia E; Morsellino, Vera; Alessi, Daniela; Allodji, Rodrigue S; Byrne, Julliana; Bardi, Edit; Jakab, Zsuzsanna; Grabow, Desiree; Garwicz, Stanislaw; Haddy, Nadia; Jankovic, Momcilo; Kaatsch, Peter; Levitt, Gill A; Ronckers, Cecile M; Schindera, Christina; ... (2021). Increased risk of cardiac ischaemia in a pan-European cohort of 36 205 childhood cancer survivors: a PanCareSurFup study. Heart, 107(1), pp. 33-40. BMJ Publishing Group 10.1136/heartjnl-2020-316655

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OBJECTIVE

In this report, we determine the cumulative incidence of symptomatic cardiac ischaemia and its risk factors among European 5-year childhood cancer survivors (CCS) participating in the PanCareSurFup study.

METHODS

Eight data providers (France, Hungary, Italy (two cohorts), the Netherlands, Slovenia, Switzerland and the UK) participating in PanCareSurFup ascertained and validated symptomatic cardiac events among their 36 205 eligible CCS. Data on symptomatic cardiac ischaemia were graded according to the Criteria for Adverse Events V.3.0 (grade 3-5). We calculated cumulative incidences, both overall and for different subgroups based on treatment and malignancy, and used multivariable Cox regression to analyse risk factors.

RESULTS

Overall, 302 out of the 36 205 CCS developed symptomatic cardiac ischaemia during follow-up (median follow-up time after primary cancer diagnosis: 23.0 years). The cumulative incidence by age 60 was 5.4% (95% CI 4.6% to 6.2%). Men (7.1% (95% CI 5.8 to 8.4)) had higher rates than women (3.4% (95% CI 2.4 to 4.4)) (p<0.0001). Of importance is that a significant number of patients (41/302) were affected as teens or young adults (14-30 years). Treatment with radiotherapy/chemotherapy conferred twofold risk (95% CI 1.5 to 3.0) and cases in these patients appeared earlier than in CCS without treatment/surgery only (15% vs 3% prior to age 30 years, respectively (p=0.04)).

CONCLUSIONS

In this very large European childhood cancer cohort, we found that by age 60 years, 1 in 18 CCS will develop a severe, life-threatening or fatal cardiac ischaemia, especially in lymphoma survivors and CCS treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy increases the risk significantly.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Kühni, Claudia and Schindera, Christina

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

1355-6037

Publisher:

BMJ Publishing Group

Funders:

[189] Swiss Cancer Research = Krebsforschung Schweiz ; [193] Swiss Cancer League = Krebsliga Schweiz ; [4] Swiss National Science Foundation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

07 Jan 2021 17:01

Last Modified:

04 Feb 2021 17:08

Publisher DOI:

10.1136/heartjnl-2020-316655

PubMed ID:

32826285

Uncontrolled Keywords:

myocardial disease

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/151055

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/151055

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