Motor ability, physical self-concept and health-related quality of life in pediatric cancer survivors

Benzing, Valentin; Siegwart, Valerie; Spitzhüttl, Janine; Schmid, Jürg; Grotzer, Michael; Roebers, Claudia M.; Steinlin, Maja; Leibundgut, Kurt; Everts, Regula; Schmidt, Mirko (2021). Motor ability, physical self-concept and health-related quality of life in pediatric cancer survivors. Cancer medicine, 10(5), pp. 1860-1871. WILEY-BLACKWELL 10.1002/cam4.3750

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Background: Cancer survivorship is frequently associated with severe late effects. However, research into pediatric cancer survivors on late effects in motor ability, physical self-concept and their relationship to quality of life is limited.

Methods: Using multiple regression analyses, 78 pediatric cancer survivors and 56 typically developing children were compared in motor ability, physical self-concept and health-related quality of life. In addition, mediational multi-group analyses between motor ability (independent variable), physical self-concept (mediator) and quality of life (dependent variable) were calculated.

Results: Pediatric cancer survivors had a lower motor ability (gHedges = 0.863), a lower physical self-concept with regard to several scales of the PSDQ-S (gHedges = 0.318-0.764) and a higher relative risk for a below average quality of life than controls (RR = 1.44). Children with a history of cancer involving the central nervous system showed poorer motor ability compared to those without central nervous system involvement (gHedges = 0.591). Furthermore, the physical self-concept significantly mediated the relationship between motor ability and quality of life in pediatric cancer survivors but not in typically developing children.

Conclusions: Results show the importance of monitoring and supporting the development of motor ability in the aftercare of pediatric cancer survivors. Physical activity interventions may be advisable to prevent physical activity-related late effects and potentially improve related psychosocial variables such as quality of life.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine > Paediatric Haematology/Oncology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine > Neuropaediatrics
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Pedagogy

UniBE Contributor:

Benzing, Valentin Johannes; Siegwart, Valerie; Spitzhüttl, Janine Sophie; Schmid, Jürg; Roebers, Claudia; Steinlin, Maja; Leibundgut, Kurt; Everts, Regula and Schmidt, Mirko

Subjects:

700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

2045-7634

Publisher:

WILEY-BLACKWELL

Language:

English

Submitter:

Valentin Johannes Benzing

Date Deposited:

03 Feb 2021 15:30

Last Modified:

11 Mar 2021 01:34

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/cam4.3750

PubMed ID:

33527768

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/151447

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/151447

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