Frailty is associated with long-term outcome in patients with sepsis who are over 80 years old: results from an observational study in 241 European ICUs.

Haas, Lenneke E M; Boumendil, Ariane; Flaatten, Hans; Guidet, Bertrand; Ibarz, Mercedes; Jung, Christian; Moreno, Rui; Morandi, Alessandro; Andersen, Finn H; Zafeiridis, Tilemachos; Walther, Sten; Oeyen, Sandra; Leaver, Susannah; Watson, Ximena; Boulanger, Carole; Szczeklik, Wojciech; Schefold, Joerg C; Cecconi, Maurizio; Marsh, Brian; Joannidis, Michael; ... (2021). Frailty is associated with long-term outcome in patients with sepsis who are over 80 years old: results from an observational study in 241 European ICUs. (In Press). Age and ageing Oxford University Press 10.1093/ageing/afab036

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BACKGROUND

Sepsis is one of the most frequent reasons for acute intensive care unit (ICU) admission of very old patients and mortality rates are high. However, the impact of pre-existing physical and cognitive function on long-term outcome of ICU patients ≥ 80 years old (very old intensive care patients (VIPs)) with sepsis is unclear.

OBJECTIVE

To investigate both the short- and long-term mortality of VIPs admitted with sepsis and assess the relation of mortality with pre-existing physical and cognitive function.

DESIGN

Prospective cohort study.

SETTING

241 ICUs from 22 European countries in a six-month period between May 2018 and May 2019.

SUBJECTS

Acutely admitted ICU patients aged ≥80 years with sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score ≥ 2.

METHODS

Sepsis was defined according to the sepsis 3.0 criteria. Patients with sepsis as an admission diagnosis were compared with other acutely admitted patients. In addition to patients' characteristics, disease severity, information about comorbidity and polypharmacy and pre-existing physical and cognitive function were collected.

RESULTS

Out of 3,596 acutely admitted VIPs with SOFA score ≥ 2, a group of 532 patients with sepsis were compared to other admissions. Predictors for 6-month mortality were age (per 5 years): Hazard ratio (HR, 1.16 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.09-1.25, P < 0.0001), SOFA (per one-point): HR, 1.16 (95% CI, 1.14-1.17, P < 0.0001) and frailty (CFS > 4): HR, 1.34 (95% CI, 1.18-1.51, P < 0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS

There is substantial long-term mortality in VIPs admitted with sepsis. Frailty, age and disease severity were identified as predictors of long-term mortality in VIPs admitted with sepsis.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic of Intensive Care

UniBE Contributor:

Schefold, Jörg Christian

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0002-0729

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jsabelle Arni

Date Deposited:

28 Apr 2021 18:58

Last Modified:

28 Apr 2021 18:58

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/ageing/afab036

PubMed ID:

33744918

Uncontrolled Keywords:

frailty intensive care unit (ICU) mortality sepsis very old people

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/154681

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/154681

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