Development, production and evaluation of 2-dimensional transfer tattoos to simulate skin conditions in health professions education

Bauer, Daniel; Lörwald, Andrea C.; Wüst, Sandra; Beltraminelli, Helmut; Germano, Miria; Michel, Adrian; Schnabel, Kai P. (2021). Development, production and evaluation of 2-dimensional transfer tattoos to simulate skin conditions in health professions education. BMC medical education, 21(1), p. 350. BioMed Central 10.1186/s12909-021-02763-z

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Moulages can greatly extend the possibilities of simulation in teaching and assessment. Since moulages that fit an educator’s exact needs are often unavailable commercially, this paper explains how 2-dimensional transfer tattoos can be independently developed, produced and evaluated. From representative photographs of the specific skin condition an analogue copy of the pathological finding is drawn. Once validated by the medical expert, it can be digitized by scanning and processed using graphics software. The final digital image file is printed onto transfer paper. Once applied and fixed onto the intended wearer, usually a simulated patient, its authenticity can be confirmed, and further transfer tattoos can be produced. Using this moulage technique we produced ten different 2-dimensional transfer tattoos to date, including hematoma, Janeway lesions and splinter nails. These moulages are used in clinical skills training, formative and high-stakes summative assessment in undergraduate medical and nursing programs. By sharing our development process for 2-dimensional transfer tattoos, health profession educators can produce their own that best fit their local educational needs. Due to their high authenticity and standardization, 2-dimensional transfer tattoos are ideal for use in high-stakes assessment.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Dermatology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute for Medical Education
04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute for Medical Education > Education and Media Unit (AUM)

UniBE Contributor:

Bauer, Daniel; Lörwald, Andrea Carolin; Wüst, Sandra; Beltraminelli, Helmut; Germano, Miria; Michel, Adrian and Schnabel, Kai

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1472-6920

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Daniel Bauer

Date Deposited:

29 Jun 2021 09:38

Last Modified:

04 Jul 2021 03:07

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/s12909-021-02763-z

PubMed ID:

34154591

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/156660

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/156660

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