Political Agroecology in Senegal: Historicity and Repertoires of Collective Actions of an Emerging Social Movement

Bottazzi, Patrick; Boillat, Sébastien (2021). Political Agroecology in Senegal: Historicity and Repertoires of Collective Actions of an Emerging Social Movement. Sustainability, 13(11), p. 6352. MDPI 10.3390/su13116352

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Agroecology has become an ideological foundation for social and environmental transformation in sub-Saharan Africa. In Senegal, agroecological advocacy coalitions, made up of farmers’ organizations, scientists, NGOs, and IOs, are using agroecology as an umbrella concept for proposing policy changes at multiple scales. We describe the history of the agroecological movement in Senegal in the context of the constitution of a national advocacy coalition. We then examine the “repertoires of collective action” mobilized by the coalition. Four repertoires are identified: technical support and knowledge co-production, territorial governance, alternative food networks, and national policy dialogue. Our analysis highlights the potential that these multi-level approaches have to sustainably transform the current food systems in sub-Saharan Africa. However, our research also reveals the limited agency of farmer organizations and the limitations of a movement that is strongly dependent on NGOs and international donors, leading to a “projectorate” situation in which contradictory policy actions can overlap. We further argue that, although the central government has formally welcomed some of the principles of agroecology into their policy discourse, financial and political interests in pursuing a Green Revolution and co-opting agroecology are pending. This leads to a lack of political and financial autonomy for grassroots farmers’ organizations, limiting the development of counter-hegemonic agroecology. We discuss the conditions under which territorial approaches, and the three other repertoires of collective action, can have significant potential to transform Sub-Saharan Africa in the coming years.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Geographies of Sustainability > Unit Land Systems and Sustainable Land Management (LS-SLM)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Geographies of Sustainability
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
10 Strategic Research Centers > Centre for Development and Environment (CDE)

UniBE Contributor:

Bottazzi, Patrick and Boillat, Sébastien

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 320 Political science
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture
900 History > 910 Geography & travel
900 History > 960 History of Africa

ISSN:

2071-1050

Publisher:

MDPI

Funders:

[4] Swiss National Science Foundation

Projects:

Projects 176736 not found.

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sébastien Boillat

Date Deposited:

14 Jun 2021 16:50

Last Modified:

14 Jun 2021 16:50

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/su13116352

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/156718

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/156718

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