Short strategic implants for mandibular removable partial dentures: One-year results from a pilot randomized crossover abutment type study.

Enkling, Norbert; Nauli, Joël; Kraus, Dominik; Wittneben, Julia Gabriela; Schimmel, Martin; Abou-Ayash, Samir (2021). Short strategic implants for mandibular removable partial dentures: One-year results from a pilot randomized crossover abutment type study. Clinical oral implants research, 32(10), pp. 1176-1189. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/clr.13815

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OBJECTIVES

The present pilot study analyzed two abutment types (a retentive ball and a non-retentive dome) in implant-assisted removable partial dentures (IARPDs) on 6 mm short implants with respect to clinical, radiological, and patient-reported outcomes (PROs), during the first year.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Two implants were placed bilaterally in mandibular molar sites, converting existing free-end removable partial dentures (RPDs) to IARPDs. Twelve subjects were randomized to initially receive either the dome (Group A, n = 6) or the ball abutment (Group B, n = 6). After eight weeks, the abutments were exchanged. After another 8 weeks, the participants were given the choice of one of the abutments. Mean values and standard deviations (SD) were calculated, and random-effect linear regression analyses were applied to analyze marginal bone level alterations and PROs (α < .05).

RESULTS

Twelve participants were included in the study; however, one dropout occurred. Patient ratings increased significantly in both study groups. The majority of the participants (82%) ultimately chose the ball abutment. The implant survival rate was 100%, and the success rate was 90.9% twelve months after implant placement (mean peri-implant bone-loss: -1.2; SD: 0.6 mm) without a statistically significant difference between the study groups, in terms of clinical- and radiological outcomes.

CONCLUSION

Placing 6 mm short implants at mandibular molar sites of RPD wearers seems to be a viable treatment option, based on this investigation with a short-term follow-up. Although only minor differences between the two abutments were observed, patients seem to prefer the ball over the dome abutment.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Reconstructive Dentistry and Gerodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Enkling, Norbert; Schimmel, Martin and Abou-Ayash, Samir

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0905-7161

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Lena Augé

Date Deposited:

29 Sep 2021 08:10

Last Modified:

10 Oct 2021 01:34

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/clr.13815

PubMed ID:

34352145

Uncontrolled Keywords:

OHRQoL Short implant abutment anchor bone-remodeling implant overdenture strategic implant

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/159261

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/159261

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