What Influences the Sustainable Food Consumption Behaviours of University Students? A Systematic Review.

Aguirre Sánchez, Lucía; Roa-Díaz, Zayne M.; Gamba, Magda; Grisotto, Giorgia; Moreno Londoño, Ana Maria; Mantilla-Uribe, Blanca Patricia; Rincón Méndez, Alba Yaneth; Ballesteros, Mónica; Kopp-Heim, Doris; Minder, Beatrice; Suggs, L Suzanne; Franco, Oscar H. (2021). What Influences the Sustainable Food Consumption Behaviours of University Students? A Systematic Review. International journal of public health, 66, p. 1604149. Frontiers 10.3389/ijph.2021.1604149

S_nchez_IntJPublicHealth_2021.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY).

Download (1MB) | Preview
Aguirre_IntJPublicHealth_2021_supplmat.pdf - Supplemental Material
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY).

Download (447kB) | Preview

Objectives: Global environmental challenges demand sustainable behaviours and policies to protect human and planetary health. We aimed to summarize the evidence about the factors related to Sustainable Food Consumption (SFC) behaviours of university students, and to propose an operational categorization of SFC behaviours. Methods: Seven databases were searched for observational studies evaluating Sustainable Food Consumption (SFC) among university students and that reported at least one behavioural outcome measure. Qualitative synthesis was conducted, and PRISMA guidelines for reporting were followed. Results: Out of 4,479 unique references identified, 40 studies were selected. All studies examined personal factors, while 11 out of 40 also measured social or situational factors. Except for food waste, females had higher levels of SFC behaviours, but situational factors moderated this association. Knowledge and attitudes showed mixed results. Overall, sustainable food consumers reported healthier lifestyles. Conclusions: Healthy lifestyle of sustainable food consumers suggests possible synergies between human health and sustainability in terms of motivations for food choice. Moderation effects of social and situational factors on personal factors reveal opportunities to design and examine the effects of choice architecture interventions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)


13 Central Units > Administrative Director's Office > University Library of Bern
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Health Sciences (GHS)

UniBE Contributor:

Roa Diaz, Zayne Milena, Gamba Rincón, Magda Rocío, Grisotto, Giorgia, Kopp, Doris, Minder, Beatrice, Franco Duran, Oscar Horacio


000 Computer science, knowledge & systems > 020 Library & information sciences
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services








Andrea Flükiger-Flückiger

Date Deposited:

08 Oct 2021 15:55

Last Modified:

08 Jun 2023 12:38

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

health behaviour pro-environmental behaviour sustainable diets sustainable food consumption systematic review university students young adults young people





Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback