Vaccination willingness for COVID-19 among healthcare workers: a cross-sectional survey in a Swiss canton.

Zürcher, Kathrin; Mugglin, Catrina; Egger, Matthias; Müller, Sandro; Fluri, Michael; Bolick, Laurence; Piso, Rein Jan; Hoffmann, Matthias; Fenner, Lukas (2021). Vaccination willingness for COVID-19 among healthcare workers: a cross-sectional survey in a Swiss canton. Swiss medical weekly, 151, w30061. EMH Schweizerischer Ärzteverlag 10.4414/smw.2021.w30061

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AIMS OF THE STUDY

Vaccination is regarded as the most promising response to the COVID-19 pandemic. We assessed opinions about COVID-19 vaccination, willingness to be vaccinated, and reasons for vaccination hesitancy among healthcare workers.

METHODS

We conducted a cross-sectional, web-based survey among 3,793 healthcare workers in December 2020 in the Canton of Solothurn, Switzerland, before the start of the national COVID-19 vaccination campaign.

RESULTS

Median age was 43 years (interquartile range [IQR] 31-53), 2,841 were female (74.9%). A total of 1,511 healthcare workers (39.8%) reported willingness to accept vaccination, whereas 1,114 (29.4%) were unsure and 1,168 (30.8%) would decline vaccination. Among medical doctors, 76.1% were willing, whereas only 27.8% of nurses expressed willingness. Among the 1,168 healthcare workers who would decline vaccination, 1,073 (91.9%) expressed concerns about vaccine safety and side effects. The willingness of healthcare workers to be vaccinated was associated with older age (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.97, 95% confidence interval [Cl] 1.71-2.27) and having been vaccinated for influenza this year (aOR 2.70, 95% Cl 2.20-3.31). Healthcare workers who reported a lack of confidence in government were less likely to be willing to be vaccinated (aOR 0.58, 95% Cl 0.40-0.84), and women were less willing to be vaccinated than men (OR 0.33, 95% CI 0.28-0.38).

CONCLUSION

Less than half of healthcare workers reported willingness to be vaccinated before the campaign start, but proportions varied greatly depending on profession and workplace. Strategies with clear and objective messages that particularly address the concerns of healthcare workers are needed if their willingness to be vaccinated against COVID-19 is to be further increased.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Infectiology

UniBE Contributor:

Zürcher, Kathrin; Mugglin, Catrina Andrea; Egger, Matthias and Fenner, Lukas

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1424-7860

Publisher:

EMH Schweizerischer Ärzteverlag

Funders:

[4] Swiss National Science Foundation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Flükiger-Flückiger

Date Deposited:

08 Oct 2021 15:09

Last Modified:

08 Oct 2021 15:19

Publisher DOI:

10.4414/smw.2021.w30061

PubMed ID:

34546016

Additional Information:

Zürcher, Mugglin, Hoffmann and Fenner contributed equally to this work.

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/159699

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/159699

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