Efficacy and safety of ethanol infusion into the vein of Marshall for mitral isthmus ablation.

Lam, Anna; Küffer, Thomas; Hunziker, Lukas; Nozica, Nikolas; Asatryan, Babken; Franzeck, Florian; Madaffari, Antonio; Haeberlin, Andreas; Mühl, Aline; Servatius, Helge; Seiler, Jens; Noti, Fabian; Baldinger, Samuel H.; Tanner, Hildegard; Windecker, Stephan; Reichlin, Tobias; Roten, Laurent (2021). Efficacy and safety of ethanol infusion into the vein of Marshall for mitral isthmus ablation. Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology, 32(6), pp. 1610-1619. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/jce.15064

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INTRODUCTION

Chemical ablation by retrograde infusion of ethanol into the vein of Marshall (VOM-EI) can facilitate the achievement of mitral isthmus block. This study sought to describe the efficacy and safety of this technique.

METHODS AND RESULTS

Twenty-two consecutive patients (14 males, median age 71 years) with attempted VOM-EI for mitral isthmus ablation were included in the study. VOM-EI was successfully performed with a median of 4 ml of 96% ethanol in 19 patients (86%) and the mitral isthmus was successfully blocked in all (100%). Touch up endocardial and/or epicardial ablation after VOM-EI was necessary for 12 patients (63%). Perimitral flutter was present in 12 patients (63%) during VOM-EI and terminated or slowed by VOM-EI in 4 and 3 patients, respectively. The low-voltage area of the mitral isthmus region increased from 3.1 cm2 (interquartile range [IQR] 0-7.9) before to 13.2 cm2 (IQR: 8.2-15.0) after VOM-EI and correlated significantly with the volume of ethanol injected (p = .03). Median high-sensitive cardiac troponin-T increased significantly from 330 ng/L (IQR: 221-516) the evening of the procedure to 598 ng/L (IQR: 382-769; p = .02) the following morning. A small pericardial effusion occurred in three patients (16%), mild pericarditis in one (5%), and uneventful VOM dissection in two (11%). After a median follow-up of 3.5 months (IQR: 3.0-11.0), 10 of 18 patients (56%) with VOM-EI and available follow-up had arrhythmia recurrence. Repeat ablation was performed in five patients (50%) and peri-mitral flutter diagnosed in three (60%).

CONCLUSION

VOM-EI is feasible, safe, and effective to achieve acute mitral isthmus block.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Lam, Anna; Küffer, Thomas; Hunziker Munsch, Lukas Christoph; Nozica, Nikolas; Asatryan, Babken; Franzeck, Florian Markus; Madaffari, Antonio; Häberlin, Andreas David Heinrich; Mühl, Aline; Servatius, Helge Simon; Seiler, Jens; Noti, Fabian; Baldinger, Samuel Hannes; Tanner, Hildegard; Windecker, Stephan; Reichlin, Tobias Roman and Roten, Laurent

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1045-3873

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Babken Asatryan

Date Deposited:

15 Nov 2021 17:52

Last Modified:

15 Nov 2021 17:53

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/jce.15064

PubMed ID:

33928711

Uncontrolled Keywords:

atrial fibrillation atrial tachycardia ethanol infusion ligament of Marshall vein of Marshall

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/160955

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/160955

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