PP141. The lipid transporters ABCA1 and ABCG1 are differentially expressed in preeclamptic and IUGR placentas

Körner, M; Wenger, F; NIkitina, L; Baumann, M; Surbek, D; Albrecht, C (2012). PP141. The lipid transporters ABCA1 and ABCG1 are differentially expressed in preeclamptic and IUGR placentas. Pregnancy hypertension, 2(3), pp. 315-316. Elsevier Science 10.1016/j.preghy.2012.04.252

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INTRODUCTION The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter A1 (ABCA1) and ABCG1 are highly expressed in the placenta in various compartments, including the villous syncytiotrophoblast (V-STB) and foetal endothelial cells. Among other not yet characterized functions, they play a role in the foeto-maternal transport of cholesterol and other lipophilic molecules. In humans, preliminary data suggest expressional changes of ABCA1 and ABCG1 in pathologic gestation, particularly under hypoxic conditions, but a systematic expression analysis in common human pregnancy diseases has never been performed. OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to characterize ABCA1 and ABCG1 expression in a large series of pathologic placentas, in particular from preeclampsia (PE) and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) which are associated with placental hypoxia. METHODS Placentas from 152 pathological pregnancies, including PE and/or HELLP (n=24) and IUGR (n=21), and 20 normal control placentas were assessed for their ABCA1 and ABCG1 mRNA and protein expression with quantitative RT-PCR and semi-quantitative immunohistochemical analysis, respectively. RESULTS ABCA1 protein expression in the V-STB was significantly less extensive in PE compared with normal controls (<10% of V-STB stained for ABCA1 in 58% PE placentas vs. 25% controls; p=0.035). Conversely, it was significantly more wide-spread in IUGR (>75% of V-STB stained in 57% IUGR placentas vs. 15% controls; p=0.009). Moreover, there was an insignificant trend for increased ABCA1 expression in fetal endothelial cells of stem villi in PE (p=0.0588). ABCA1 staining levels in V-STB were significantly associated with placental histopathological features related with hypoxia: they were decreased in placentas exhibiting syncytial knotting (p=0.033) and decidual vasculopathy (p=0.0437) and increased in low weight placentas (p=0.015). The significant and specific alterations in ABCA1 protein expression found at a specific cellular level were not paralleled by changes in ABCA1 mRNA abundance of total placental tissue. ABCG1 staining was universally extensive in the V-STB of normal placentas, always affecting more than 90% of V-STB surface. In comparison, ABCG1 staining of the V-STB was generally often reduced in pregnancy diseases. In particular, less than 90% of V-STB exhibited ABCG1 staining in 26% of PE placentas (p=0.022) and 35% of IUGR placentas (p=0.003). Similarly to ABCA1, ABCG1 mRNA expression in total placental tissue was not significantly different between controls and PE or IUGR. CONCLUSION ABCA1 and ABCG1 proteins are differentially expressed, with either down- or up-regulation, in the V-STB of placentas exhibiting features of chronic hypoxia, such as in PE and IUGR. This suggests that other factors in addition to hypoxia regulate the expression of placental lipid transporters. The specific changes on a cellular level were masked when only total tissue mRNA was analysed underlining the importance of cell specific expression analysis. The potential effects of decreased placental ABCA1 and ABCG1 expression on foetal nutrition and development remain to be elucidated.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Gynaecology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Baumann, Marc; Surbek, Daniel and Albrecht, Christiane

ISSN:

2210-7789

Publisher:

Elsevier Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:41

Last Modified:

08 May 2016 10:07

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.preghy.2012.04.252

PubMed ID:

26105462

Additional Information:

18th World Congress of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy, 9-12 July 2012, Geneva, Switzerland

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.16883

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/16883 (FactScience: 224589)

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