Long-term outcomes of dexamethasone 12 mg versus 6 mg in patients with COVID-19 and severe hypoxaemia.

Granholm, Anders; Kjær, Maj-Brit Nørregaard; Munch, Marie Warrer; Myatra, Sheila Nainan; Vijayaraghavan, Bharath Kumar Tirupakuzhi; Cronhjort, Maria; Wahlin, Rebecka Rubenson; Jakob, Stephan M; Cioccari, Luca; Vesterlund, Gitte Kingo; Meyhoff, Tine Sylvest; Helleberg, Marie; Møller, Morten Hylander; Benfield, Thomas; Venkatesh, Balasubramanian; Hammond, Naomi E; Micallef, Sharon; Bassi, Abhinav; John, Oommen; Jha, Vivekanand; ... (2022). Long-term outcomes of dexamethasone 12 mg versus 6 mg in patients with COVID-19 and severe hypoxaemia. Intensive care medicine, 48(5), pp. 580-589. Springer 10.1007/s00134-022-06677-2

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We assessed long-term outcomes of dexamethasone 12 mg versus 6 mg given daily for up to 10 days in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and severe hypoxaemia.


We assessed 180-day mortality and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) using EuroQoL (EQ)-5D-5L index values and EQ visual analogue scale (VAS) in the international, stratified, blinded COVID STEROID 2 trial, which randomised 1000 adults with confirmed COVID-19 receiving at least 10 L/min of oxygen or mechanical ventilation in 26 hospitals in Europe and India. In the HRQoL analyses, higher values indicated better outcomes, and deceased patients were given a score of zero.


We obtained vital status at 180 days for 963 of 982 patients (98.1%) in the intention-to-treat population, EQ-5D-5L index value data for 922 (93.9%) and EQ VAS data for 924 (94.1%). At 180 days, 164 of 486 patients (33.7%) had died in the 12 mg group versus 184 of 477 (38.6%) in the 6 mg group [adjusted risk difference - 4.3%; 99% confidence interval (CI) - 11.7-3.0; relative risk 0.89; 0.72-1.09; P = 0.13]. The adjusted mean differences between the 12 mg and the 6 mg groups in EQ-5D-5L index values were 0.06 (99% CI - 0.01 to 0.12; P = 0.10) and in EQ VAS scores 4 (- 3 to 10; P = 0.22).


Among patients with COVID-19 and severe hypoxaemia, dexamethasone 12 mg compared with 6 mg did not result in statistically significant improvements in mortality or HRQoL at 180 days, but the results were most compatible with benefit from the higher dose.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic of Intensive Care

UniBE Contributor:

Jakob, Stephan, Cioccari, Luca (A)


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








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Date Deposited:

04 Apr 2022 10:49

Last Modified:

29 Mar 2023 23:38

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Uncontrolled Keywords:

COVID-19 Corticosteroids Critical illness Hypoxaemia Mortality Quality of life





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