Bending moment of implants restored with CAD/CAM polymer-based restoration materials with or without a titanium base before and after artificial aging.

Südbeck, Sonja; Hoffmann, Moritz; Reymus, Marcel; Buser, Ramona; Edelhoff, Daniel; Stawarczyk, Bogna (2022). Bending moment of implants restored with CAD/CAM polymer-based restoration materials with or without a titanium base before and after artificial aging. Dental materials, 38(9), e245-e255. Elsevier 10.1016/j.dental.2022.06.009

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OBJECTIVES

To test and compare two types of implant systems restored with four monolithic polymer-based materials with regard to their bending moments (BM) before and after aging.

METHODS

A total of 192 tissue-level implants (TRI Dental Implants) differing in the presence (TiB, Octa line, n = 96) or absence (NTiB, Matrix line, n = 96) of a titanium base were restored with mandibular right first molar crowns manufactured from composite (CC), polymer-infiltrated ceramic (VE), PMMA (PM) and a 3D printed resin (ND) (n = 24). Half of the specimens (n = 12) were loaded for 1,200,000 cycles (50 N, 1.3 Hz, TC: 5/55 °C, 6000×) and examined for failures. Fracture load was measured according to ISO standard 14801, BM was calculated, and fracture types were examined. Data were analyzed using parametric statistics (p < 0.05).

RESULTS

No failures were observed after 600,000 cycles. After 1,200,000 cycles, wear traces were recorded in all groups except PM, VE and CC on TiB implants. In group CC on NTiB implants, three specimens were rated zero in BM testing as they showed fracture of the screw. Regarding BM, TiB implants exhibited higher values than NTiB implants with aged CC (p = 0.023), aged PM (p < 0.001), initial PM (p = 0.011) and initial VE (p < 0.001). No differences occurred among the implant types with initial CC, initial ND, aged ND and aged VE. With regard to initial BM values, NTiB implants showed higher values for ND and CC compared with PM and VE (p < 0.001). No differences in initial BM values were found for the tested materials on TiB implants (p > 0.116). When aged, restoration material had no impact on the BM values of NTiB implants (p ≥ 0.233). Aged TiB implants showed higher values in combination with CC than with ND (p = 0.001). PM and VE showed similar values as ND and CC. Artificial aging led to a decrease of BM within PM, CC and ND on NTiB implants and ND on TiB implants. The majority of failures after testing were characterized by crown fractures in two to four pieces. Fractures in more pieces with smaller fragments occurred primarily for ND.

SIGNIFICANCE

The use of NTiB implants with the polymer-based materials tested can only be recommended for clinical use as interim prostheses. CC seems to show a positive effect on the BM. Clinical research investigating the in vivo behavior is necessary to confirm these findings.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Reconstructive Dentistry and Gerodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry

UniBE Contributor:

Buser, Ramona

ISSN:

0109-5641

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

22 Jun 2022 15:14

Last Modified:

24 Aug 2022 00:14

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.dental.2022.06.009

PubMed ID:

35715247

Uncontrolled Keywords:

3D-printing Bending moment CAD/CAM Chewing simulation Composite Dental implants PICN PMMA Polymer Titanium base

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/170806

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/170806

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